B. F. Skinner's Theory Of Operant Conditioning

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DEFINITION
Behaviorism is a learning theory that only focuses on considerately discoverable behaviors and discounts any absolute activities of the mind. Behavior theorists define learning as the attainment of new behaviour based on environmental conditions. In short, behaviourism equates learning with behaviors that can be observed and measured. The behaviourist theory believes that through a process involving imitation, rewards, and practice, infants are able to learn oral language from other human role models. Human role models in an infant’s environment provide the stimuli and rewards. (Cooter and Reutzel, 2004). Behaviorist assumes that a learner is actually passive or apathetic, reciprocate to environmental stimuli. They also believes
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One of the key figures for this theory is Burrhus Frederic Skinner commonly known as B. F. Skinner, who was an American psychologist, behaviorist, author, inventor, and social philosopher. Skinner introduced radical behaviourism that considered the philosophy behind behavior analysis. He developed the theory of operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is the use of effect to modify the existance and form of behaviour. It involve the stimulus and response that is when a stimulus is provided, a response is achieved. Meanwhile, reinforcement provided could be positive or negative. Learning takes place by reinforcement, if there is an unwanted behaviour, punishment takes its …show more content…
First, it can shapes behaviour quickly since they will be rewarded if they did pleasing action. For example, teacher give stars or points to the students if they arrive at class on time. This will automatically encourage the students to do a positive action that will eventually be their habit. Next, learner also can adapt to the environment. When teachers expose their students with positive environment, the students will be positive too because they can adapt with their surrounding. For example, the students were trained with essays every day and they will be rewarded with smiley stickers for their achievement. When the students get used with this environment, they will enjoy their studies. Other than that, behaviour can also be measured. For example, teachers can give tests to their students to measure whether they can answer the questions correctly or not.
1.3 WEAKNESS
The first weakness of this theory is the learner also may adapts to a poor environment. Example of poor environment is when a student adapts to a classroom where the other students’ behaviours are negative and destructive to the learning environment. Next, behavior measured may not be a true picture of understanding. This can be seen when taking a true or false test with the affirmation of retaking it until the students gets it right can lead to guessing for the correct answer.
1.4 PEDAGOGICAL

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