Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Behaviourist Approach

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The Behaviourist approach is based on that fact that past experiences determines our behaviour, in which the aim is to find laws of learning to predict and control behaviour. The theory behind behaviourist is that learning produces a relatively permanent change in behaviour as a result of prior experiences. There are two ways in which your learn behaviour. One is classical conditioning which is learning by association. This is where the unconditional stimulus produces an unconditional response, this is a natural response which has not been taught. For example, a stomach virus (UCS) could create a response of nausea (UCR). A neutral stimulus is also involved, and could be person, place etc. During conditioning a stimulus which produces no response …show more content…
The strengths include that the Behaviourist approach uses highly controlled scientific methods, so it is reliable as it uses lab experiments and easily quantifiable objectively observable date, in other words it is replicable. And example of this is skinners box allows complete control of the environment and absolute reliable measurement of response date. This shows it can gather accurate scientific data to generalise findings. Although it is scientific. The Behaviourist approach ignores biological factors. It assumes a General Process of Learning would apply to all animals in all situations. Garcia used behaviourism 's own methods to show this was false. An example of this is Garcia and Koeling. Contiguity where rats received tasting stimulus and a drug induced sickness after a controllable time. They learnt an aversion response to the stimulus even when the nausea occurred 3 hours after the stimulus. Thus suggesting biological predisposition. While the similarity, rats received electric shock or a drug induced sickness paired with either a buzzer, light or novel flavour. They could associate the shock with the buzzer and light, but not the flavour and associate sickness with the flavour but not buzzer or light. This suggest also a biological predisposition. In both experiments, a general law of learning is …show more content…
Thus, the general laws of learning/conditioning allow simple predictions to be made and allow easy training of behaviours. For example, learning a phobias through classical conditioning, Watson & Rayner. They showed it 's relatively easy to create a phobia in a child using classical conditioning. Derado showed that 60% of dog phobias had a bad experience with dogs. This shows behaviourism provides simple testable predications about what will happen. In contrast to psychodynamic, which makes testable predictions and not being able to explain all phobias. Although, the behaviourist approach ignores cognitive factors such as attention, memory, language, problem solving, perception of any mental states such as schemas. For example, Martain and Halvison showed people of gender typical of atypical behaviour and children misremember the atypical behaviours. This shows that our schemas impact on our predications and reasoning about the world. In a top-down way, cognition is influences your response to your

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