Behavioral Therapy Essay

1554 Words Aug 13th, 2013 7 Pages
Section A

A brief overview of Behavioural therapy
1. Introduction
Behavioural therapy focussed on directly observable behaviour – to identify the problem and direct assessment, current determinants of behaviour – to identify factors that exert influence on current functioning and learning experiences that promote change (Kazdin, 2001). The treatment strategies are specifically planned around the client after careful assessment and evaluation of the clients behaviour to develop adaptive, prosocial behaviour and the reduction of maladaptive behaviour in everyday life.

Behavioural therapy originated in 1950’s and early 1960’s in the US, SA and GB and was a radical departure from the dominant psychoanalytic perspective combining
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In Behavioural Therapy the approach is based on a scientific view of human behaviour. A person (client) is a product of his/her environment. The client should develop measures that give them control over their environment and increase their level of freedom. The client make debilitating behavioural choices and the aim is to increase the client’s skills so that they have more options for responding. The client would then have the capacity to choose how to respond to the external events in the environment by using behavioural possibilities that were not available to them before.

3. The key characteristics and assumptions of Behavioural Therapy
3.1 It is based on the principles and procedures of the scientific method – treatment goals are stated in concrete objective terms, are agreed upon by client and therapist, behavioural concepts and procedures are stated explicitly, tested empirically within an conceptual framework and revised continually.
3.2 Behaviour is not limited to observable behaviour but includes internal processes (cognitions, images, beliefs, emotions). The behaviour must be something that can be operationally defined.
3.3 It deals with current environmental events that maintain the problem behaviour, and by changing the environmental events through a process of functional assessment, helps the client to produce a behavioural change.
3.4 The client learns new and adaptive behaviour through an action orientated and educational

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