Behavioral Theory Of Classical Conditioning And Operant Conditioning

1102 Words Nov 3rd, 2014 5 Pages
Behavioral Learning theories, developed at the turn of the century to compensate for psychology’s lack of “science,” focused on the behaviors of individuals as opposed to the inner workings of the mind (Harzem, 2004, p. 6). As psychology resolutely turned its eye to the exhibited behaviors of individuals, it developed a means for testing its experiments so that psychology could once again be added into the great hall of sciences. The two camps of behavioral learning theory became Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning. The first of the two focused on behavioral responses to situations that were involuntary, though they should not have been so. The latter focused on voluntary behavioral responses to situations. Classical Conditioning has proven effective by many of the experiments dealing with it. Classical Conditioning includes two elements: an unconditioned stimulus and an unconditioned response. According to EdPsych, “and unconditioned stimulus [is] the behavior or event that evokes an automatic response […]; and an unconditioned response [is] the automatic behavior caused by the stimulus, which can be physiological […] or emotional” (2012, p. 159). In most scenarios, humans never connect an unconditioned stimulus with an unconditioned response. It is inherited more so than taught. For instance, a person when putting his or her hand on something hot does not need to think about taking that hand away; rather, he or she involuntarily pulls that hand away as an…

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