Aztec Empire Essay

Superior Essays
In 1116, the Aztec Empire began their two hundred year odyssey. Legend says that the Aztecs’ Sun god, Huitzilopochtli, gave them their journey. The Aztec people felt they were chosen to maintain the cosmos. They were chosen to be sure the sun had enough energy to travel across the sky and make certain the earth had enough nutrition to support their crops. They felt the way to do this was through blood offerings. To the Aztecs, the heart was the most valuable thing a mortal could offer the gods. The sun subsisted on the hearts and blood of humans. The Aztecs’ sacrifices fed the sun, in turn maintaining the universe. During their journey the Aztecs would settle to work the lands. For the Aztecs to promote fertility they worshipped the Rain …show more content…
Once there the Aztecs’ oracles told them to search for an eagle perched on a cactus, which marked the end of their journey. After two hundred years, the Aztecs found their promised land. In 1324 A.D., the Aztecs built Tenochtitlan.
Tenochtitlan eventually held a quarter of a million people. They were able to expand their land to twenty-five hundred acres, by pounding stakes into the lake bed, lashing them with reeds, and pouring mud and rocks into the water. In 1500, Tenochtitlan held two hundred thousand people; twice the population of London or Rome. Building Tenochtitlan took thousands of craftsmen and was covered in intricate, crisscrossed canals.
To decide precise days for planting, the Aztecs created a calendar. The Aztecs’ medicine was also highly sophisticated, with over one hundred herbal remedies for specific illnesses. The Aztecs had poetry, music and theater aside from their scientific genius. Some of the best Aztec poems, surprisingly, came from the most talented warriors. Aztecs also created a vast variety of
…show more content…
When the Spanish landed, Montecozuma sent them gifts, which would lead to the downfall of Tenochtitlan and the Aztec empire. The Spanish were were consumed by their want for gold. Montecozuma treated Cortez like he was Itzcoatl returned, showering him with gold and gifts. The Spanish believed the Aztecs were barbarians. Cortez formed an alliance with other tribes surrounding Tenochtitlan, giving him an army of thousands to fight the Aztecs. The Spanish were setting fires, killing, and branding captured Aztec indians on the forehead, like one would cattle.
On November 7, 1519 Cortez and his allies took on Tenochtitlan. Montecozuma had invited Cortez into the heart of the city. Cortez was showered with gold and jewelery. Within a week Cortez repaid Montecozuma with betrayal. Cortez chained up. November 1519, Montecozuma was held captive in his own palace by Cortez and his men. They looted the royal treasury. Cortez had priceless artifacts melted into gold bars. The Spanish saw the Aztec gods as devils. They set out to destroy their idols. Cortez tried to throw down the idols and demanded the Aztecs remove the sun god and the rain

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    There are distinct pieces of evidence that show the uniqueness of the Aztec and Maya civilization. The Aztec civilization adapted a more militaristic religion meanwhile the Maya adapted a more sophisticated numerically metaphoric religion. In the Aztec civilization, we see for the first time the birth of a warrior, Huitzilopochtli, the god of war and sun. Huitzilopochtli was born a warrior and went on to slay his sister along with 400 of her relatives. The slaying of his sister and 400 relatives were taken as human sacrifices to nourish the gods.…

    • 1073 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Cortes Smallpox

    • 826 Words
    • 4 Pages

    He tells Atahualpa that the Bible speaks the word of God. Atahualpa put the Bible up to his ear and throws the book on the ground. He says, “This book doesn’t speak the word of God!” Instantly, they break out into a war where Pizzaro and his men killed 4000 Incas quickly. Pizzaro then kidnaped Atahualpa so he can receive a gold ransom. But, when he receives the ransom, he realized that he would lose power when he released his good friend, Atahualpa.…

    • 826 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Aztec Culture Essay

    • 524 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The worldview changed both with good and bad. A Lot of people were killed and the way they treat people now is a lot different than back then. They also don't have human sacrifice anymore and many people still study the Aztecs and will forever be in the history of the world. They ended with victory. The conquistadores lay the Aztec empire to waste, erasing the remnants of the culture as best they could, scorching Tenochtitlán by fire, leveling its temples.…

    • 524 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Aztec Pyramids Essay

    • 1153 Words
    • 5 Pages

    He told them that he would lead them there, and when they finally reached their new permanent home, he would send them a sign. You may be wondering what the sign was, it was an eagle sitting on a cactus eating a snake. The Aztecs looked for over a hundred years until one day, a priest was wandered through the Valley of Mexico, and he found an eagle sitting on a cactus…

    • 1153 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It was destroyed in 1521 where the Spanish came back to take back Tenochtitlán after they were thrown out by the Aztecs. (Aztec Palaces) Effects of Spanish Conquest Artifact 7: Aztec City Picture/Source Tenochtitlan Ruins (View of sculpted snake forming part of a 'snake wall') Description/Source The Aztec city of, Tenochtitlán, was destroyed by the Spanish during the Spanish conquest. It was destroyed in 1521 where the Spanish came back to take back Tenochtitlán after they were thrown out by the Aztecs. (View of sculpted snake forming part of a 'snake wall' 1) Artifact 8: Aztec…

    • 628 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    It took years to complete the temple, and it was finally put to use in 1455. The Aztecs had demolished the Huaxtec and their army. They soon became the first of many, to be sacrificed to Huitzilopochtli in their shiny new temple. Moctezuma then went to war with the Chalcas, under the influence of Tlacaelel. The war lasted over 20 years with Moctezuma as commander in the Army.…

    • 1488 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Inca Religion

    • 1518 Words
    • 6 Pages

    The lower realm was ruled by Pachamama, the god of the earth, and the ancestors of the Incas. Human sacrifice was often used as an offering to the gods. To be sacrificed was seen as an honor. The sacrifice would be of a child or a slave. Divination was used to tell the future of the empire, of social events and Inca battle outcomes.…

    • 1518 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Battle of Tenochtitlán The Battle of Tenochtitlán took place in the city of Tenochtitlán from 26 May to 13 August 1521. It narrates how the Aztec Empire commanded by Moctezuma II fell to the Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés. Despite the numerous battles between the Spaniards and the Aztecs, the Aztecs were unable to defeat Hernán Cortés and his troops. The Spaniards weapon superiority, indigenous assistance and other key factors led to the downfall of the Aztec civilization. This episode marked the first phase of the Spanish conquest in Mexico and colonization of the Americas (New World Encyclopedia, 2013).…

    • 1867 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Their creator god was Viracocha, and came from pre-Incan Peruvian people. Similar to the Mayans their main god was Inti, the sun god, and they believed that he was the father of the first king and that through him they are all connected to Viracocha. Some of their rituals include: festivals, divination, and sacrifices. Aztec Religion was, like the other Mesoamerican civilizations, based on nature. They also had the sun for their chief deity.…

    • 1432 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Spanish were really greedy and selfish that they were basically striping the Aztec of gold and people to convert. The Spanish left Spain with a mindset of finding gold and people that they can convert to Christian. The Spanish were not satisfied with the gold and slaves the Aztec had already given them. At one point their greed was so overwhelming that they were planning to take over the Aztec kingdom. With that the Spanish were already decided to take over all of the Aztec Empire and their resources.…

    • 585 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays