Common Cold Case Study
Azithromycin works by inhibiting bacteria from synthesizing the proteins that are necessary for their survival. It does this by binding to the bacterial ribosome’s 50S subunit, which in turn leads to the bacteria being limited and unable to grow and multiply. As a result, the bacteria die.
The microbes affected by Azithromycin are generally bacteria like: Chlamydia pneumonia, Moraxella catarrhalis, Streptococcus pyogenes and many others
On July 2nd, Justin returned to the doctor with both his mother and sister. All three patients found it painful to take a deep …show more content…
The symptoms, especially the last one points to a case of whooping cough.
Whooping cough usually starts as a cold with a runny nose to go with it. It eventually leads to the feeling of tiredness and a slight fever and cough. With time, the cough becomes serious and somewhat uncontrollable. It could lead to choking, vomiting and gasping that sounds like a ‘whoop’. This is very consistent with the symptoms manifested by Paige and her brother.
Whooping cough is still relatively common and communicable disease with about 10,000 and 40,000 cases reported every year.
There have been theories that have been raised in the past that vaccines are capable of causing autism in children. First, there are claims that the Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) vaccine damages the intestinal linings and allows encephalopathic proteins to find their way into the nervous system, causing autism. Others claim that a preservative in vaccines called thimerosal is harmful to the central nervous system, while others raised the claim that the administration of different vaccines at the same time causes the immune system to be weak and can ultimately lead to …show more content…
Adolescents and adults also should be encouraged to go for their regular immunization.
Pertussis is mediated by toxins. When the Bordetella pertussis gets into the respiratory tract, it attaches itself to the cilia of the epithelial cells of the respiratory tract. After doing this, the microbes release toxins that immobilize the cilia of the epithelial cells.
One of the more understood pertussis toxins is called the lymphocytosis-promoting factor which is responsible for causing a decrease in the amount of neutrophils to the lungs making them susceptible to other bacterial infetions. It also leads to the inflammation of the respiratory tract that which in turn inhibits the clearing of pulmonary secretions.
Another toxin is the adenylate cyclise toxin which is responsible for suppressing the activation of T cells in the respiratory tract, making it more susceptible to other infections. It also plays a role in aiding the Bordetella pertussis bacteria to resist clearance facilitated by