Essay on Autism

1708 Words Apr 13th, 2013 7 Pages
Autistic spectrum disorder, otherwise known as autism, is a complex disorder of the central nervous system and a developmental disability that comes from a neurological disorder that affects the normal functioning of the brain. (Dowshen, 2008). It is not something one can catch or pass along to someone else. It makes interacting with other people incredibly difficult. Autism was first identified in 1943 by Dr. Leo Kanner of Johns Hopkins Hospital. Autism spectrum disorder can usually be reliably diagnosed by age 3, however new research is pushing back the age of diagnosis to as early as six months. Autism is a developmental disorder that makes it very difficult for one to communicate with others and live a normal life. (What is …show more content…
If one identical twin is autistic, it is almost certain that the other twin will be too. Oregon is the state with the highest reported rate of autism in the country. (Dennis Wall, 2012). One in every 250 youths between the ages of 6 and 21 has been diagnosed with autism. In some counties, such as Lane County, one in every 91 youths are autistic. However approximately 20% of autistic children can eventually live independently. (Larson, 2000). The best way to identify autism is to watch how a child behaves and communicates with other people. Parents can help by telling the doctor how the child acts at home and about their failure to reach appropriate developmental milestones. Some parents describe a child that seemed different from birth, while others describe their child as developing normally and then lost skills. (Susan Cole, 2009). A team of specialists, including psychologists, neurologists, psychiatrists, speech therapists, and developmental pediatricians will evaluate the child and compare levels of development and behavior with those of other kids the same age. Together, they will decide whether the child has autism or something else. At birth, the autistic child appears normal. Within the first 30 months, he or she becomes increasingly unresponsive to the environment. The child may not speak, may develop obsessive routines, may deliberately injure themselves, may become

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