Australi The South Pacific And The Indian Ocean Essay

1249 Words Nov 11th, 2016 5 Pages
Australia is in the South Pacific and the Indian Ocean. It is composed of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and the overseas territories. Australia is in the southern hemisphere. Australia is located off the southeast coast of Asia, next to Russia, Canada, China, the United States, and Brazil. Its land is as large as about four-fifths of China. The coastline of 3,700 km has the Pacific Ocean to the East and the Indian Ocean to the West. It is also the only exclusive city state in the world. The national capital of Australia is the city of Canberra, located 280Km south-west of the countries’ largest city and old capital, Sydney.

About the Australian terrain basic characteristics, there are several points of it. There are several characteristics of Australia 's land that are of importance. Compared with other continents, Australia has the smallest landmass. The mainland has no high mountains and no very low depressions. It is a mainland with flat terrain and gentle rolling surfaces. Secondly, the terrain structure is longitudinal arrangement: the west to the east can be divided into three north-south column zones: erosion in west plateau, for deposit in central plains, and a fold-fault block mountain is in the east. It has a wide distribution Aeolian geomorphology the west-most column is a large plateau that experiences a lot of erosion. The middle column is primarily plains, where there is a lot of deposit from the rivers. In the eastern column, there are…

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