Aurangzeb, real name was Muḥī al-Din Muhammad was the 6TH Mughal emperor of the sub continent. He was 5th in line as an emperor. He was personable and brave. Aurangzeb moreover was a seasoned general, a good leader of his men and a moral man. He was emperor for 49 years. (1658 till 1707). He had 5 sons, Muhammad Sultan, Bahadur shah, Muhammad kam bakhsh, Muhammad Azam Shah, Muhammad Akbar. He fought his first battle as chief commander.
CONTRIBUTIONS IN THE MUSLIM COMMUNITY
ESTABLASHEMENT OF ISLAMIC LAW
Alamgir’s main goal was to bring true Islamic governance to the whole Mughal Empire. Previous gone emperors, while all were Muslim, had not all ruled according to Islamic law. Alamgir’s great grandfather Akbar went against …show more content…
On the other hand, Aurangzeb had declared Taj Mahal against the Islamic law. Because there is no permission to build a structure over any grave. Aurangzeb introduced a book which he believes that, it would be easy for everyone to follow Islamic laws. For that book he chooses Islamic scholars from all over the Muslim world. He named that book as Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Aurangzeb (Alamgir) ordered very strict instructions to the officers regarding the collections of Jaziya. He directed that, you are allowed to grant the remissions of revenues of all kinds; but if you remit any man’s Jaziya which I succeeded with great difficulty in laying on the infidels it will be an impious charge …show more content…
Holi and Diwali festivals were allowed to be celebrated under restrictions which were declared by Aurangzeb. The Hindiis could no longer put on fine clothes. The Hindus were not allowed to burn their dead body on the banks of the river Sabarmati in Ahmedabad. Similar restrictions were placed at Delhi.
Results of the religious policy of Aurangzeb:
On the other hand, the religious fanaticism of Aurangzeb overshadowed his virtues. Aurangzeb’s reversal of Akbar’s policy of religious toleration resulted in weakening the entire structure of the Mughal Empire. It led to several conflicts and wars in different parts of the country. All these rebellions destroyed the peace of the empire, disrupted the economy, weakened the administrative structure, and diminished the military strength, which leds to the failure of Aurangzeb to make any impact. Ultimately all these contributed to the downfall of the Mughal enterprise.These conflicts were:
(i) Conflict with the Jats
(ii) Conflict with the Satnamos
(iii) Conflict with the