Essay Application For Improving Student Achievement
Although the U.S. strives to make education internationally competitive by improving student achievement, its students are struggling in mathematics. Results from the 2012 Program for International Student Assessment measuring academic abilities among 15-year-olds placed the U.S. as 35th out of 64 countries in math (DeSilver 2015). Other evidence indicates 4th and 8th graders have been making only minimal gains in math achievement (Drust 2013). Improving student achievement in mathematics is vital because of growing demand for skills in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. Mathematics is essential for developing innovations to understand and solve global challenges in our knowledge-based economy. The achievement gap among countries and stagnant academic growth signifies the necessity of math education reform. Because studies prove teacher effectiveness is malleable, measurable and important, a feasible solution is to improve teacher quality. Differences in teacher quality attribute 12%-14% of mathematics achievement for an elementary student (Flawn 2008). Based on this criteria, New York City public elementary schools should employ math specialists to provide professional development and expertise to improve teachers’ effectiveness in mathematics.
Current Teaching System
American public elementary schools use a generalist teaching system. A single teacher typically teaches reading, writing, social studies, health, science, and art, in addition…