University of Phoenix Material Lorus Lynn Pratt
Define the following terms:
|Term |Definition |
|Racial formation |An analytical tool in sociology developed by Michael Omi and Howard Winant, which is used to look |
| |at race as a socially constructed identity, where the content and importance of racial categories |
| |is determined by social, economic, and political forces. |
|Segregation |The physical and social separation of categories of people.
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It is interesting to note that many people of European ancestry have a small percentage of African or African American blood as defined by ‘blood quantum’. It is also noted that many Europeans also have trace of African DNA. Most people that self-identify as ‘White’ have an admixture of African American, or Native American genetics.”In 1958 Robert Stuckert produced a statistical analysis using historical census data and immigration statistics. He concluded that the growth in the White population could not be attributed to births in the White population and immigration from Europe alone, but also from a significant contribution from the American Black population as well. He concluded that at the time, 21 percent of white Americans had some recent African (or African-American) ancestors. He also concluded that the majority of Americans of African descent were partly white and not entirely black”. (Stuckert, 1958, pg. 155)1
• What are some of the larger racial minorities in U.S. history? What have been the common ancestral backgrounds of each of these groups? When did each become a significant or notable minority group?
There are four large minority races which are of note in U.S. history. In 1900, nine out of ten minorities were African American. From 1980 to 1998 there was a 25 percent increase in African American population. This statistic does not include Hispanics that may be of