Essay on Aphasia As An Acquired Language Disorder

1039 Words May 29th, 2016 null Page
Aphasia is acquired by nearly two hundred thousand Americans annually and yet many people have never heard of the disorder. (Aphasia FAQs - National Aphasia Association, 2016) Aphasia, which translates to “without speech” in Greek, is an acquired language disorder. It is characterized by “an impairment of language modalities: speaking, listening, reading, and writing; it is not the result of a sensory or motor deficit, a general intellectual deficit, confusion, or psychiatric disorder.” (Owens, 2015) Aphasia is typically acquired by a focal brain injury to the left hemisphere, usually occurring after a stroke, with localized brain damage. Aphasia impairs a person’s ability to process language but does not affect intelligibility. Anomia can also been seen in patients with aphasia leading to difficulty with word retrieval. Aphasia can be accompanied by anomia, but if the patient is provided the correct impairment-based treatment they show improvement in word retrieval.
The variety and severity of the brain damage may affect the modalities of communication and different types of comprehension as well as speech. According to American Speech-Language Hearing Association, “Aphasia is not a single disorder, but instead is a family of disorders that involve varying degrees of impairment in four primary areas: spoken language expression, spoken language comprehension, written expression, and reading comprehension.” (2016) Aphasia can be subdivided into two categories: fluent and…

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