Anxiety In Middle Childhood

1183 Words 5 Pages
Mental illness is a serious problem and affects many people, it even affects young children. There are many children that are affected by many different types of mental illness disorders. More than 1.5 million children are diagnosed with a type of mental illnesses disorder (Kerens, 2012). Mental illness can lead into many different disorders such as anxiety. Anxiety is the most common disorder in middle childhood; there are many different types of anxiety disorders children may be affected by. For this research paper I will be discussing what anxiety is in middle childhood, what causes anxiety in children, the different anxiety disorders that are common in middle childhood and treatment options for children affected by anxiety.
Anxiety disorders
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Generalized anxiety is when children worry excessively about many things, such as school, the health or safety of family members, or their future in general (Kids Health, 2015). Obsessive compulsive disorder known as (OCD) many adults and even young children can develop this type of disorder. Children with OCD tend to have things a certain way and if it’s not the way the child would want it, it will cause anxiety in the child (Kids Health, 2015). Separation anxiety is a very common phase for children to have anxiety about. Children can experience separation anxiety when they first begin school, being in a new environment, or being by themselves for the first time without their caregivers. Once a child feels comfortable in that environment the child won’t feel as scared and won’t have anxiety of going to that particular place (Kids Health, 2015). Panic attack disorders are another common disorder for children to develop. During a panic attack a child typically has sudden and intense physical symptoms that can include a pounding heart, shortness of breath, dizziness, numbness, or tingling feelings. Some children may experience a panic attack in an unfamiliar environment (Kids Health, …show more content…
The domains that are affected by anxiety in a child are physical, emotional, and cognitive. Anxiety has an impact on a child’s physical development by a lack of sleep the child is getting at night, trouble concentrating during the day and it even is hard for a child to complete simple tasks. This leads to children’s grades to be low and low school performance (Kids Health, 2015). A child suffering from anxiety also experience stomach aches, and headaches. Because a child will complain that they never feel well they will often miss school because of these illnesses (Kids Health, 2015). Children’s cognitive development is being affected by anxiety by them having fear of doing things. Children with anxiety disorders think that they can’t do something and they don’t have the confidence in them to try new things or they feel like they are not good enough. Children also tend to have a memory loss due to their anxiety disorder. This also affects a child while they are learning things at school. Anxiety also affects a child’s emotional state. A child with anxiety may feel sad, irritated, or feeling angry. It is hard for children to deal with anxiety then it is for adults because young children don’t have the coping skills that some adults may already have. This interferes with a child’s development because if a child is always feeling sad, or angry this can also lead into depression for the child, making their

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