Antibiotics And Similar Drugs ( Neu 1992 ) Essay

979 Words Nov 21st, 2016 4 Pages
Antibiotics and similar drugs have been used for the last 70 years to treat patients who have infectious diseases (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2015). However, as of recent, bacteria are evolving to form super bacteria that resistant to our known antibiotics (Neu 1992). Each year in the United States, at least 2 million people become infected with bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics. This leads to higher medical costs, prolonged hospital stays and increased mortality. It is also costing billions of dollars because of healthcare expenses and new antibiotics needing to be discovered through research (Goossens 2005). These super bacteria have a fitness advantage over the typical bacteria, which results in super bacteria increasing in frequency over time. If antibiotic resistance cannot be combated, we might reach an era where common infections and minor injuries are able to be fatal once again (Neu 1992). A topic generating lots of buzz recently regarding antibiotics is whether bacteria can be return to a pre-resistant stage and, therefore, whether antibiotic resistance can be reversed. The ability to do this would have major medical implications, allowing doctors to avoid having to “antibiotic cycle”, a process in which antibiotics are used on a rotating cycle to avoid developing antibiotic resistance. If the mechanism by which bacteria become resistant to antibiotics can be damaged and overcome, then antibiotic resistance can be reversed. If this…

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