Annotated Bibliography On The Human Information Processing System
Driscoll, M. (2005). Psychology of Learning for Instruction (3rd ed.) (pp. 71-77). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Driscoll introduces the human information processing system by stating that it is very similar to the way a computer processes and stores information. The reader is introduced to three stages of information processing: sensory memory (which functions to hold information in memory very briefly), working memory (the stage in which further processing is carried out), and long-term memory (the permanent “storehouse” of information). Simply paying attention to information is not enough to ensure that it will be processed further.
Information is processed as it passes from one stage of memory to the next (p. 76). In the initial stage, working memory, information is coded “conceptually.” However, for the information to enter the long term memory, an individual must encode its meaning. Encoding means that the information is meaningful and has been connected with related knowledge that is already in the long term memory. Once something is overlearned, or habitual automaticity has transpired. One factor that is fundamental to information processing is attention.
Guenther, R.K. (1998). Introduction and historical Overview. Human Cognition (pp. 1-27). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Human cognitive psychology is typically defined as “an inquiry into how people acquire and use knowledge” (p. 1). Over the centuries, the…