Wild Animals Cause Cancer

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Did you know that there are 100 different types of cancers? Cancer is a disease by which is caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body. (Cancer) According to WHO, this is true and any part of the body can be affected by it. In fact there were an exceptional amount of 7.6 million people who have died from cancer and 13% of deaths around the world. (WHO) Cancer is a deadly disease and is one of the leading health concerns for humans, "Dr. Denise McAloose, a pathologist for wildlife conservation society stated. It also is a disease that is a matter for wild animals as well. Research states that wild animals too can acquire cancer at the same estimates humans can. This reasoning is the cause of animals becoming extinct. …show more content…
Elephants are the largest land mammals on the planet. (Smithsonian) So, now that we know that animals can get cancer too, then there must be a possibility that Elephants can, right? Well, According to Nature.com, Elephants have a better chance of avoiding it! How so? Elephants have multiple copies of a tumor controlled genes which helps elephants to keep from getting cancer. Elephants have the ability to keep cancer away by having developed supplementary duplicates of genes which fight tumor cells. By elephants having the capability to not get cancer is a very perplex situation and has been concurred by epidemiologist Richard Peto of the University of Oxford, UK, in the 1970s. Peto 's research has determined that there is in fact a correlation with cancer measures and the size and the age of the animals. This realization was mind boggling for the simple fact that one would think that animals which are larger or older should have a better risk at getting cancer than younger just as humans but, because of this essential organic process it somehow is preventing them to be diagnosed with cancer by protecting their cells the older they …show more content…
This proposition was actually just published in a paper this week. This research lead scientists to believe that Elephants have 20 imitates of a gene called p53, or called TP53 in their genome. How cool is that; because humans only have one. So why do Elephants have a smaller risk at obtaining cancer? Well, the p53 gene that they have is commonly known for playing a protective role when the DNA begins to suffer. This gene begins to then stir up copies of p53 which start to mend the infliction. After discovering this paradox Joshua Schiffman, a pediatric oncologist and scientist at The University of Utah in Salt Lake City and Carlo Maley, an evolutionary biologist from Arizona State University both began investigating more after Maley disclosed that the Elephants he found in Africa had numerous copies of TP53 in Elephants genomes. Schiffman who is a specialist in treating kids that are missing one of their genes and because of these they are prone to developing cancer. According to Schiffman 's team they discovered from 36 of the animals that there were in fact no correlation with the body size and the cancer rate but, in fact that around 3% of elephants get cancer, analysis of many elephants were held captive and

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