Definition: A joint (articulation) is point of contact between bones or between bone and cartilage.
Joints are classified by: * The degree of movement they allow * The structure of the joint
The three types of joints that we will look at are: 1. Fibrous joints 2. Cartilaginous joints 3. Synovial joints
These joints are also called "fixed" or "immoveable" joints, because they do not move. These joints have no joint cavity and are connected via fibrous connective tissue. The skull bones are connected by fibrous joints.
These joints also have no joint cavity and the bones are connected tightly to each other with …show more content…
Ligaments connect bone to bone - ligament - tough regularly arranged connective tissue, slightly elastic.
Tendons connect muscle to bone - tendon - non-elastic, flexible, connective tissue which allows the muscle to pull on the bone to create a movement. The tendon at the none moving end of a muscle is called the tendon of origin, at the moving end of a muscle it is called the tendon of insertion.
Exercise - long term effects on joints: 1. Stronger and denser bone 2. Denser cartilage 3. Ligaments stronger and will resist stretching 4. Tendons will become more flexible, and will form more attachments between the bone and the muscle 5. Increased supply of synovial fluid.
Joint Movements Anatomical PositionThe anatomical position is the