Analysis Of UPS

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Air Cargo Leaders
Anybody today that ships packages to relatives during the holidays has used at least one of the three major air cargo industry leaders to mail their packages. UPS, FedEx, and DHL are the industry leaders in shipping cargo around the world. But, has anyone ever wondered how they accomplish this feat? How do the packages travel from the post office, UPS Store, or the front door to their destination?
United Parcel Service, better known as UPS, was founded in 1907 by James E. Casey in Seattle Washington. The company was originally named the American Messenger Company and it offered currier services to anyone who needed packages, letters, messages, or lunch delivered in the Seattle area. The company prospered and grew
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It was the first package delivery company to offer services on privately owned aircraft and to offer 2 day delivery services between major cities on the east and west coast; which was accomplished by using the unused space in the holds of passenger flights for cargo. It was the first to acquire “common carrier” rights to be able to offer package delivery services not only to retailers, but also to private customers. UPS fought the Interstate Trade Commission (ICC) to allow it to deliver packages to all 48 contiguous states without being hindered by restrictive state to state border crossing regulations. It was the first cargo delivery company to offer air mail and cargo service to Alaska and Hawaii and between all the other states (About UPS, …show more content…
It was founded in 1977 by Frederick W. Smith and has expanded from a small business of 14 jets that delivered 165 packages on its first day to an international shipping conglomerate that handles over 4.1 million packages per day (FedEx Corporation, 2015, p.11). It was the first to develop and use the hub and spoke system that most air carriers use today. Along with UPS, it also fought the restrictive rules of the ICC and lobbied congress to change the laws for interstate commerce. It invested heavily in early computer technology and developed a centralized computer system to manage people, packages, vehicles, and weather scenarios; called the Customers, Operations, and Services Master Online System (COSMOS). It also was the first air cargo company to use a Digitally Assisted Dispatch System (DADS) to coordinate customer package pickups and the first to offer real-time tracking and tracing services for its customers (Timeline-About FedEx,

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