Analysis Of Homer 's The Iliad Essay

1593 Words Oct 21st, 2016 7 Pages
In Homer’s The Iliad, no theme is explained simply. Within the immense complexity of ideals and morality, he uses doubling or contrast between characters and events to create multifaceted arguments for these concepts. The arguable climax of the entire epic deals with what has been illustrated since the very beginning, Achilles’ rage. When Achilles kills Hector, his character is finally put into action. The fights between Hector and Patroclus and Hector and Achilles act as reflections of the progression, or lack thereof, within Achilles and Hector. Patroclus’ death and purpose as a character provide insight into Achilles’ development and multifaceted nature. During Patroclus’ aristeia, he is wearing Achilles’ armor, illustrating that he has taken on Achilles’ form. Unlike Achilles during The Iliad up to this point, Patroclus is empathetic, caring, and noble- begging Achilles to fight for the Achaeans. Achilles cares deeply for Patroclus, and although he let him fight in his place, he says “Once you have whipped the enemy from the fleet you must come back, Patroclus… you must not burn for war against these Trojans, madmen lusting for battle-- not without me” (Homer, ln 101-105 pg 415). But although he tells this to Patroclus, he still ends up doing what he was told not too. Consumed by his pride, he continues to fight- leading to his death. As Patroclus is the more relatable and human side of Achilles, he is more submissive to the will of the gods. Because Patroclus is the…

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