Analysis Of Ernest Hemingway 's ' The Sun Also Rises ' Essay

1649 Words Dec 7th, 2016 7 Pages
Hemingway uses pragmatism in his novels as well. The theory can be seen in The Sun Also Rises, in what may look like a story about drunk people traveling from France to Spain, I see a story of a change in values and a search for the new pragmatic way of living. All of the characters in the story have changed after World War I. They even symbolically leave France, where the war occurs, and go to Spain where the battlefield is nowhere to be found. In France, they are stripped of all values, there is an emptiness felt within the modern world. Which is why the group leaves the modernity of France and travels to Spain where they are nostalgic for old traditions and values. Although, Lady Brett and Ashley and Jake Barnes lack any religious values, they continue to enter churches to attempt to pray in order to recuperate their lost values when they arrive in Spain. Of course, Lady Brett Ashley is unable to pray. However, Jake still attempts to but instead of praying the “right” way, he prays for money and for the bullfights. With loss of morals, he is recreating new values to replace the old religious ones. The text states:
I knelt and started to pray and prayed for everybody I thought of, Brett and Mike and Bill and Robert Cohn and myself, and all the bullfighters, separately for the ones I liked, and lumping all the rest, then I prayed for myself again, and while I was praying for myself I found I was getting sleepy, so I prayed that the bull-fights would be good, and that it…

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