American Policing Roles ( Dempsey And Forst Essay

1565 Words Oct 15th, 2016 7 Pages
American Policing Roles (Dempsey & Forst, 2016) The role of American policing is extremely complicated in today’s society. Throughout the years the role of police have changed immensely and will continue to change to fit the society. “Anyone attempting to construct a workable definition of the police role will typically come away with old images shattered and a new found appreciation for the intricacies of police work” advised by Herman Goldstein (Dempsey & Forst, 2016). There are two major views of the role of the police that exist: crime fighting and order maintenance. The first major view of the role of the police is crime fighting which is the action to reduce the incidence of crime (Oxford, 2016). Although the movies and television show police engaging in daily gunfights, car chases, and acts of violence it is not reality. Police may not spend the most of their time crime fighting it still is an important role for them. The public only hears of crime fighting because the news emphasizes on this aspect of the job. It is said that police also overemphasize on their role as crime fighters and underplay their responsibility in keeping the peace and providing social services to the community (Dempsey & Forst, 2016). Remembered as the Father of Policing, Sir Robert Peel created the organization of police in 1829. Known today as “Bobbies,” the first organized police units were conceived of the police role as a conspicuous community-oriented patrol aimed more for…

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