Although New England and the Chesapeake Region Were Both Settles Largely by People of English Origin, by 1700 the Regions Had Evolved Into Two Distinct Societies. Why Did This Development Occur?

624 Words Nov 24th, 2006 3 Pages
Although the New England and Chesapeake regions were settled by basically English, each region was clearly different than the other. This could have happened for many reasons, but difference in how the families were structured and the effect of religion on each region were probably two very big influences on the different developments of the societies.
In New England, people who immigrated there came mostly in the form of families. In 1635, "Ship's List of Emigrants bound for New England," showed that the majority of emigrants were part of a family or a servant coming with a family (document B). There was a fairly low death rate and a reasonably balanced sex ratio very early in colonization in New England. All of these factors
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John Winthrop believed that they should be able to convert others just by their example and that God was leading them to this place to help them receive religious freedom (document A). They also believed that everyone was equal and wanted to have prices and wages that were fair to even their poor neighbors (document E). They followed the Puritan work ethic and helped create for themselves a very strong government and economy.
In Chesapeake, religion was not quite as important. Most of the people down there were not Puritans and were not trying to break away from the Church of England. Instead of coming to the Americas for religious freedom, many of these people were more interested in wealth. The Church of England did not influence the people very much outside of church, so religion had little if any affect on the development of the Chesapeake region. The biggest difference here was that they did not end up developing the strong government and economy as quickly or easily as the New England region did.
Family structure and religion greatly affected each of the areas and the development of their societies. In fact, I believe that they both have a large affect on the world today. I think the Chinese philosopher, Confucius, agreed when he said, "To put the world right in order, we must first put the nation in order; to put the nation in order, we must first put the family in order; to put the family in order, we must first cultivate our personal life; we must first set

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