Alcohol Use Disorders Affect Families Across The World Without Discrimination

1143 Words Jul 21st, 2016 null Page
Alcohol use disorders affect families across the world without discrimination. One in every three families in the United States are directly affected by alcoholism (Sullivan 3). Alcoholism, more generically drug addiction, can be defined as “a chronically relapsing disorder characterized by a compulsion to seek and take the drug, alcohol; loss of control in limiting intake, of alcohol; and an emergence of a negative emotional state when the drug, alcohol, is prevented” (Sullivan 33). Normal consumption of alcohol impacts the functions and the shape of the brain, but chronic alcohol abuse presents worse effects on the brain; however, it is important for the individual to be cautious because “drinking too much just once can be harmful” (Vorvick). Long-term, heavy drinking “causes alterations in the neurons along with reduction in the size of brain cells, as a result of these changes, brain mass shrinks allowing the brain’s inner cavity to grow bigger” affecting a wide range of abilities such as motor coordination and various cognitive functions (“Beyond Hangovers”). Studies using sMRI, structural MRIs used to examine the anatomy and pathology of the brain, demonstrated volume shrinkage in the frontal lobe of alcoholics and imaging studies showed that hippocampal volume is smaller in alcoholics and may be associated with memory impairment (Sullivan 21). Since alcohol is a central nervous system depressant, after a tolerance is developed, higher amounts of alcohol are needed to…

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