“Parens patriae” is a Latin word which means a parent for a country. In this legal set of guidelines, the state can act as a guardian for individuals who are unable to care for themselves, such as children. In this policy, a Juvenile Court Judge has to determine when a child is delinquent, abandoned or needs parental care. Also “Parens patriae” occurs if the natural parents are incompetent. In this case the juvenile justice system designs a program that will fit into the kid’s lifestyle as should have been done by his or her natural parents.
2. What is the difference between delinquency and a status offense and give one example of each.
Delinquency is …show more content…
Explain the “Traditional Model of Juvenile Justice” and what is the importance of the Illinois Juvenile Court Act of 1899?
During the Traditional Model of Juvenile Justice, juveniles were tried separately from adults and these changes began in the 1870s. This system was created so that criminal record of juveniles was not made public but kept securely.
The Illinois Juvenile Court Act of 1899 is the first law to implement the separation of juvenile court. The purpose of this act was to not try juvenile in a criminal court and give juveniles a second chance. The act outlined the types of cases jurisdiction over. This act states the age category by which a juvenile can be tried as an adult (16 years but differs from state to state). The act created guidelines on the rulings for a juvenile offender and creating some programs to fit into the lifestyle to help them rehabilitate.
6. What is the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)?
The office of the Juvenile justice and delinquency prevention is a branch of the Unites States Department of Justice that directs its focus on shaping the juvenile justice policy by organizing and researching ways to end delinquency acts through federal funding. The OJJDP was created 1974 by congress mainly to assist the community and state and control Delinquency. The sole purpose of this organization is to solve issues related to juvenile …show more content…
Define “Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a medical condition found in newborns that are exposed to alcohol during the pregnancy of their mothers. The disorder happens as a result of the mother’s heavy alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Effects cause children to suffer from severe brain damage and growth problems. FAS medical conditions differ from child to child, but the defects caused are permanent.
9. Explain Merton’s Strain theory. Merton’s strain theory explains how the America society set cultural goals and standards for everyone to follow and these are, attaining education and occupation. In this theory it’s either you are rich or poor; the rich individuals are able to move upwards or maintain their standards and the poor struggle in order to move out their standard but it all depend on the individual mindset. Merton theory creates an adaptation to illustrate how and why these occur. Conformity, Ritualism, innovation, Retreatism and