Essay on African American in Military

2181 Words Jun 27th, 2013 9 Pages
Abstract The United States Marine Corps is placed above all other military institutions in the United States of America. It was first formed because of a need that arose during the war for independence. It was coordinated by the Navy. It gained reputation during the Second World War. The war brought out the best the Marine Corps had to offer in terms of labor, strategy and organisation. The Marine Corps’ history in all its entirety cannot be recounted without including the role of the African American Marines who despite the odds survived and played a befitting role in the creation of the icon that the Marine Corps is today. As one of those men to benefit from this history it is my duty to inform as many as possible, that it is …show more content…
These men were, “Orange”, as he was known and Isaac Walker. They joined the Marines under Robert Mullen who was recruiting for the Battalion commanded by Major Samuel Nicholas. After the revolution the Marine Corps was disbanded and African Americans were automatically barred from enlisting when a new Marine Corps was later created. The ban on enlisting African Americans lasted for 167 years and was only lifted when the government saw the need for more labor as a result of the outbreak of the Second World War. President Roosevelt created a policy that enabled African Americans to seek for employment and get jobs based on merit not skin color. The Fair Employment Practices Commission was created to help foster an atmosphere of non discrimination in different parts of the civil service. This move rippled into the navy in the nature of the announcement made in April 7, 1942 by the secretary of the Navy that about 900 African Americans were soon to be enlisted into the Navy, the Coast Guard and the Marine Corps. The African American Marines entered the Corps three years into the war. They were trained at Montford Point in Camp Lejune. 24 African Americans enlisted in the first months of the lifting of the ban. Howard P Perry claims the award as the first to be enlisted in the United States Marine Corps. From June 1, 1942, enlisting of African Americans began in earnest. About 1,200 African

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