Advantages And Disadvantages Of Urbanisation

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The world is urbanising rapidly. In 2008, the number of people living in cities exceeded those in the country side. Urbanisation per se is often a positive development, as urban areas tend to be more productive than rural areas…yet rapid urbanisation can outreach the capacities of cities to absorb and cater for an ever growing number of inhabitants
(Matuschke 2009). India is not an exception to the general urban scenario in the world. It is becoming more urban albeit regional variations across the country. It has grown as the second largest urban system after China. With its huge urban population residing in 7935 towns (Census of India 2011), the country’s urban population has grown to over 377.1 million (31.16 percent). With urbanisation,
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The houseless people in urban areas have grown at an alarming rate during 2001-2011 (20.5%) despite decline of growth rate in case of total houseless population (-8.8%) as well as rural houseless population (-28.4%) in the same period. It seems that majority of rural houseless persons have shifted to the urban areas.
According to the McKinsey Global Institute (2010), India faces the mammoth task of providing affordable homes to an estimated 38 million households by 2030. Urban poverty is another crucial urban challenge in India. According to HPEC (2011), even though urban poverty has declined but there were still 80.8 million urban poor in
2004-05 which grew from 76.3 million in 1993-94. The poverty ratio decreased from 32.4 percent in 1999-2000, to 25.7 percent in 2004-05 and further to 20.9 percent in 2009-10 but at the same time, the absolute number of urban poor continues to be high at 76.3 million, 80.8 million and 76.5 million respectively. The latest poverty estimates (based on
Tendulkar Methodology) show urban poverty level at 53.1 million
(13.70% of urban population) in 2011-12.
In the above context, urban development/management of

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