“A child may be regarded as being at a disadvantage at school if because of factors in the child environment conceptualized as economic, cultural and social capital, the competencies and dispositions which he/she bring school differ from the competencies and dispositions which are valued in schools and which are required to facilitate adaptation to school and school learning” (Kellaghan 2001 p.5 cited in Considine and Dukelow 2009 p.319).
The Education Act 1998 section 32(9) states that educational disadvantage as “the impediments to education arising from social and economic disadvantage which prevent students from deriving appropriate benefit from education in schools” cited in Considine and Dukelow 2009 p.319.
Many strategies …show more content…
It provides it for all educational systems for primary and secondary school and continuing education and training to make sure the educational system is responsible for all students, parents and the state. Through board of management recognises the funding of schools and establishes the roles and responsibilities of teachers and principals in schools. Also it established the National Council for the programme and assessment for related issues (Education Act, 1998 p.5).
This Act also states the functions of the schools and states the function of the board of management. Which also takes in consideration that everyone has a right to an education and also the inclusion and equality of all accesses should be allowed and provide to those who have a disability of any other special requirements in education (I.N.T.R.O p.1-2).
Also this act delivers the establishment of the Educational Disadvantage Committee. That has the responsibility of directing the Minister for Education and Science to help with the policies and strategies to recognise the factors and correct them on educational disadvantage (Department of Education and Science 2005 …show more content…
This consists of:
• A consistent system for recognising, and frequently revising various levels of disadvantage.
• Developed a new School Support Programme (SSP) that will help existing interventions for schools and communities by support existing programmes that have high levels of educational disadvantage.
• Also the differences between rural and urban weakness factors will be considered when aiming actions under this programme. (Department of Education and Science 2005 p.9).
Weir et al explains that its programme is focused on meeting the needs of young people from disadvantaged areas by addressing their educational needs. This aim is from children from pre-school to second level school ages from 3-18 years. There was 340 urban and 340 rural primary schools, and 200 second level schools that were participating in this programme (2011).
In 2010 a free preschool system was introduced for children to attend preschool before attending primary education. In Early Childhood Care and Educational Scheme it shows that 94% of children are engaging in this scheme (Department of Education and Skills 2010