Abortion Essay

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Abortion Essay

“It is a mistake to reject religious principles in favour of secular/ethical principles for guidance in medical ethics” Examine and comment on this claim with reference to the topic you have investigated (50 marks)
Abortion is the deliberate termination of a pregnancy after the fertilisation of the human ovum and before birth. Abortion is debated because there are many different views with strong opinions and evidence for the pro-life and pro-choice argument. Pro-life is against abortion as they believe abortion should never be allowed and this is mostly religious people who believe with the pro-life argument, whereas pro-choice is where it is thought to be the mothers choice as it is her body so whatever she wants to
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It was a statutory offence in 1803 to have an abortion, and it became legal under The Abortion Act 1967 and abortion could only be carried out in a hospital or in a specialised licensed clinic. However termination can only happen up to 28 weeks. Many abortion laws have been passed to make abortion more safe for women and the foetus for example in the 1990’s there was another act which lowered the time limit from 28 weeks to 24 weeks because it was noticed that the foetus was able to live outside the womb as a baby which is otherwise known as the point of viability. Later on in 2008 another act wanted to change the abortion rate from 24 weeks to 22 or 20 weeks but this motion was failed to change the law as it was thought to be too early and some serious disabilities the foetus may have may not have been shown at this point in time. In Northern Ireland it is still illegal to have an abortion. In contrast to this there are many ethical issues within the law which include women not being able to just request an abortion as they have to have consent from two doctors and be able to persuade them to agree with her to her decision on the basis of restrictive legal criteria, and this is unfair because without consent the women would not be able to have an abortion and this therefore means she is unable to control what she does with her body and with her life. Furthermore, 1 in 10 doctors

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