Essay on A Short Note On Phonemic Awareness And Phonics Instruction

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Reading is a complex process that needs to be taught. For beginners, an essential part of learning to read involves an understanding of alphabetic principle that directly links to phonics instruction (Adams, 1990; Brish 2011; NRP, 2000; Snow et al., 1998). It is important to distinguish between phonemic awareness and phonics instruction because they are not the same; phonics instruction requires grapheme-phoneme correspondences, spelling patterns, and applying this knowledge in reading. The NRP (2000) provides solid evidence for contributions of systematic and explicit phonics instruction to reading acquisition. The goal of all phonics programs is to enable learners to use the alphabetic code so that they can learn to read and comprehend written language. The focus of phonics instruction is on improving children’s ability to read and spell words. Phonics is a foundational knowledge that beneficial for all learners, especially effective for children with disabilities and at risk for reading problems (NRP, 2000, Snow et al., 1998). About 70 to 75% of the school population understand the alphabetic principle with ease, regardless of the teaching method; however, the other 25 to 30% of the school population, including students with dyslexia, require intensive systematic and explicit phonics instruction (Brish, 2011). It is a necessity for them to learn reading. What is systematic and explicit phonics instruction? The term systematic refers to introducing different…

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