Essay on A Brief Note On The Canadian Disaster Database

1172 Words Sep 26th, 2016 5 Pages
Proper risk analysis when analyzing future hazards requires reliable data of past disasters and their consequences. From this need, many disaster databases have been formed for the purpose of consistent data collection. Unfortunately, these databases vary in methodology which hinders comparison between databases. Examining two databases, this paper will seek to find flaws and strengths of both for a better understanding of the necessary attributes of a successful disaster database.
The first database analyzed is the Canadian Disaster Database (CDD), which is updated and reviewed semi-annually by Public Safety Canada. Ranging from 1900 to 2015, this database contains events that “directly affected Canadians” (The Canadian Disaster Database 2015). Therefore, this primarily national disaster database includes 12 international disasters based on their effects on Canadians. When the disaster is international, the database includes only Canadian fatalities and costs. Besides affecting Canadians, disasters must meet a few qualifications in order to be entered into the CDD. The event must meet the definition provided in the Emergency Management Framework for Canada (An Emergency Management Framework for Canada 2011) and meet one or more of the following criteria: the disaster either must have 10 or more fatalities, affect 100 or more people, necessitate an appeal for national/international assistance, have historical significance, or cause such significant damage that the affected…

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