A Brief Note On Hiv And Hiv / Aids Essay

1030 Words Oct 20th, 2015 5 Pages
III. Description of the top prevalent or emerging health problems in both countries
Despite their differences in healthcare, both Haiti and the Bahamas have prevalent health problems. Haiti’s top 10 causes of death include many non-communicable diseases such as stroke, cancer, and heart disease. Most citizens cannot afford the available care and succumb to these illnesses at a younger age as a result. This case study will put more focus on the communicable diseases included in Haiti’s top 10 causes of death, specifically, Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by a bacterium that usually affects the lungs, but can affect other parts of the body as well. TB is extremely contagious and if not caught fast enough can spread rapidly. It is an airborne disease and can be transmitted when a person inhales contaminated air an infected person has released (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2011). Haiti has the greatest number of TB cases in whole Western Hemisphere. Different drugs were created in the 1900s to treat Tuberculosis. They must be taken over a course of months and followed through until the end. Regardless of the available treatment, over 5,000 Haitian citizens die each year as a result of TB because infected citizens cannot afford the treatment (Redmond, n.d.). According to the World Bank, TB incidence rates in Haiti have been slowly decreasing since, 2001. Now, 206 out of every 100,000 people will acquire TB each year, in 2001,…

Related Documents