6th Mass Extinction Essay

1063 Words 5 Pages
The 6th Mass Extinction? Species of animals and plants go extinct all the time due to their lack of evolutionary ‘fitness’, for example, the giant panda is on the brink of extinction because it can only eat one food, and can only copulate a couple weeks out of the year, but sometimes, It 's not their fault… a mass extinction is “the extinction of a large number of species within a relatively short period of time, as between the Cretaceous and Tertiary Periods when three-quarters of all species on Earth, including most dinosaurs, became extinct” (“Mass Extinction”). Planet Earth is on the brink of a 6th mass extinction because of humans contributions to climate change, poaching, and deforestation.
Climate change due to human’s effect on planet
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“Poaching poses a serious threat to wildlife because it kills off the biggest and best of a species gene pool” (“Poaching”). By killing “the biggest and best of a species gene pool”, the populations darwinian success rate will plummet and that populations next generations will suffer. For instance, according to the Environmental Encyclopedia, “poachers seeking ivory” managed to slaughter 81 elephants in September of 2013 “by poisoning the water hole with cyanide” (“poaching”). Furthermore, By losing a large amount of a population in an ecosystem, the ecosystem is unbalanced which could cause more extinctions. If poachers can continue to kill in numbers like these, the protection plans will have to change. The number of species that receive “little or no protection” is at a whopping 8,000 (“poaching”). Without federal protection, these species are sitting ducks for poachers to kill and sell. finally, poaching is the most direct, yet the most preventable cause of a potential mass …show more content…
In the article “Animals Under Siege”, the author states that “tropical forests are home to the greatest concentration of biodiversity on the planet.” If these forests are the most densely packed areas of life, they should therefore be the most protected areas in the world, but that is not the case. For example, the growing human population is threatening 32% of all amphibian species in the world (“amphibian extinctions”). The amount of land dedicated to crops for human and livestock consumption will grow exponentially with the population, putting forest dwelling creatures at risk of extinction. If human population reaches a point in which there are too many mouths to feed and not enough room to grow food, these life-enriched forests will suffer. In the article “Mass Plant Extinctions Show The Threats From Human Exploitations”, Jowit explained that “nearly ⅔ of all threatened plant species live in tropical rainforests”. This statistic further explains the need to protect these harborers of life. To summarize, deforestation needs to be acted upon today to save our most biodiverse locations on

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