1984 Essay

686 Words Feb 10th, 2013 3 Pages
Welfare Britain 1945-51
The New labour government 1. The most influential were Ernest Bevin, foreign secretary, Herbert Morrison, lord president of the council with considerable powers over home affairs, Hugh Dalton, Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Stafford Cripps, president of the board of trade.
The welfare state 2. The purpose of the welfare state is democracies were increasing the powers of the state to improve people’s lives, especially the lives of those living closest to poverty. 3. The money fund the welfare state is come from higher taxation.
The national insurance act 1946 4. Every citizen was entitled to sickness and unemployment benefits, old age pensions (women at 60, men at 65) widows and orphans pensions,
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Education 10. Ellen Wilkinson held the cabinet to the agreed date of 1 April 1947 for the raising of the school leaving age (ROSLA) to 15 by threat of resignation. 11. The main successes of education policy between 1945 and 1950, was as well as meeting immediate school building needs by a massive programme of prefabricated classrooms, 928 new primary schools were built .
Nationalisation
12. By Clause 4 of the labour party constitution, labour had been committed since 1918 to the public ownership of the “commanding heights” of the economy. Morrison was in charge of its implementation. 13. An early case was the bank of England (1945). Then followed the British overseas airways corporation (BOAC), the coal mines and cable and wireless in 1947, transport including the railways and electricity in 1948, the gas industry in 1949. 14. The conservatives did not denationalize any of these industries when they came to power in 1951.the only nationalization measure which the conservatives wholeheartedly opposed was that of iron and steel (1951), since the industry was profitable.
Economic problems 15. Britain had run up debts of £3 billion and her industries were more concentrated on war production than any other nation in the world. 16. The winter of 1946-1947 was the worst for a century. First snow and ice, then floods from the thaw badly disrupted coal production and energy supplies. 17. When as agreed with the American

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