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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
social marginality
being excluded from mainstream reality
global village
a closely knit community of all the world's societies
economic globaliation
the interrelationship among the world's economies
outsourcing
the practice of producing inexpensive products by building factories and hiring workers abroad
hypothesis
tentative statement of how various events are related to one another
theory
set of logically related hypotheses that explains the relationship among various phenomena
social forces
forces that arise from the society of which we are a part
sociological imagination
the ability to see the impact of social forces on individuals, especially their private lives (C. Wright Mills 1959)
social integration
the degree to which people are tied to a social group (link to suicide)
class conflict
the struggle between the capitalists, who own the means of production, and the proletariat, who do not. Marx.
Verstehen
empathetic understanding of the subject; Weber though all sociologists should adopt it
functionalist perspective
each part of society (the family, the school, the eonomy, the state) performs certain functions for the society as a whole)
social consensus
a condition in which most members of society agree upon what would be good for everyone and cooperate to achieve it.
What functionalists think holds society together
social consensus
mechanical solidarity
a type of social cohesion that develops when people do similar work and have similar beliefs and values
organic solidarity
a type of social cohesion that arises when the people in a society perform a wide variety of specialized jobs and therefore have to depend on one another
manifest functions
functions that are intended and seem obvious
latent functions
functions that are unintended and often unrecognicized (going to college)
conflict perspective
portrays society as always changing and marked by conflict
feminist theory
form of conflict theory that explains human life in terms of the experiences of women
patriarchy
a system of domination in which men exercise power over women
symbolic interationist perspective
directs our attention to the details of a specific situation and the interaction between individuals in that situation
major sociological perspectives
1.
2.
3.
1. Functionalist (social order or stability)
2. Conflict (social conflict or change)
3. Symbolic interactionist (interaction between individuals)