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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
social psychology
scientific study of how people think about, influence, and relate to one another
social neuroscience
an integration of biological and social perspectives that explores the neural and psychological bases of social and emotional behaviors
the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
social representations
socially shared beliefs-widely held ideas and values, including our assumptions and cultural ideologies; help make sense of our world
hindsight bias
tendency to exaggerate on'es ability to foreseeon how something turned out after learning an outcome
When are experiments obvious?
After the facts are known.
an integrated set of principles that explain and predict observed events
testable proposition that describes a relationship that may exist between events
Three purposes of hypotheses
allow us to test a theory by suggesting how we might try to falsify it; give direction to research; practical
field research
research done in natural, real-life settings outside the laboratory
correlational research
study of the natrually occurring relationships among variables
experimentla research
studies that seed clues to cause-effect relationships by manipulating one ore more independent variables while holding others constant (controlling them)
random sample
survye procedure in which every person in the population being studied has an equal chance of inclusion
What are ways that surveys can be manipulated?
unrepresentive samples, order of questions, response options, wording of questions
independent variable
fact that research manipulates
dependent variable
variable being measured; depends on manipulations of the independent variable
Two important parts of experiment
control; random assignment
random assignment
process of assigning participants to conditions of experiment such that all persons have same chance of being in a give condtion; helps infer cause and effect NOT generalize to population (random sampling)
mundane realism
degree to which experiment is similar to everyday situations (external validity)
experimental realism
degree to which experiment absorbs and involves participants (internal validity - measures processes it is supposed to)
participants are misinformed or misled about study's methods and purposes
demand characteristics
cues that tell participant what is expected
informed consent
ethical principle requiring research participants told enough to enable them to choose whether they wish to participate
postexperimental explanation of a study to tis participants
How do social psychologists organize their ideas and findings?
Into theories