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197 Cards in this Set

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1. Male menopause refers to the problems associated with a decrease in ____________.
Male menopause refers to the problems associated with a decrease in (TESTOSTERONE).
2. Technically, a woman is considered to have reached menopause one year after her _________ _______ have ceased.
Technically, a woman is considered to have reached menopause one year after her (MENSTRUAL PERIODS) have ceased.
3. Intelligence is considered age-_________.
Intelligence is considered age-(SENSITIVE).
4. Due to senescence, the total size of the brain is _______ or _________.
Due to senescence, the total size of the brain is (REDUCED or DECREASED).
5. The accumulation of facts and information that comes with experience and education is called ____________ intelligence.
The accumulation of facts and information that comes with experience and education is called (CRYSTALLIZED) intelligence.
6. HRT refers to _______ ___________ _______.
HRT refers to (HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY).
7. International mortality rates that have been age adjusted indicate that the country with the lowest annual mortality is _____.
International mortality rates that have been age adjusted indicate that the country with the lowest annual mortality is (JAPAN).
8. Rather than focusing on g, Gardner proposed the existence of ____ distinct intelligences.
Rather than focusing on g, Gardner proposed the existence of (NINE) distinct intelligences.
9. According to Sternberg, the intellectual skills used in everyday problem solving are part of _________ intelligence.
According to Sternberg, the intellectual skills used in everyday problem solving are part of (PRACTICAL) intelligence.
10. Schaie found that _____-_________ research shows a gradual decline in intellectual ability, while ____________ research, which may not be applicable to other cohorts, shows an increase in intellectual abilities throughout most of adulthood.
Schaie found that (CROSS-SECTIONAL) research shows a gradual decline in intellectual ability, while (LONGITUDINAL) research, which may not be applicable to other cohorts, shows an increase in intellectual abilities throughout most of adulthood.
11. Joanna, at adulthood, is finding that the size of newspaper print is getting smaller. To compensate, she holds the paper farther away from her eyes than she had to when she was younger. She has become __________.
Joanna, at adulthood, is finding that the size of newspaper print is getting smaller. To compensate, she holds the paper farther away from her eyes than she had to when she was younger. She has become (FARSIGHTED).
12. Talking on a cell phone while driving is unsafe at any age because the brain ignores what the driver ____.
Talking on a cell phone while driving is unsafe at any age because the brain ignores what the driver (SEES).
13. Mortality statistics are compiled from _____ ____________.
Mortality statistics are compiled from (DEATH CERTIFICATES).
14. Most adults reach their peak of intellectual ability between __ and __ years of age.
Most adults reach their peak of intellectual ability between (40 and 60) years of age.
15. One of the most crucial differences between an expert and a novice is their use of __________.
One of the most crucial differences between an expert and a novice is their use of (STRATEGIES).
16. As experts begin to lose fluid abilities, they are able to develop __________ to compensate for the loss.
As experts begin to lose fluid abilities, they are able to develop (STRATEGIES) to compensate for the loss.
17. Individuals develop _________ in one or a few areas that are personally meaningful, while paying less attention to other areas.
Individuals develop (EXPERTISE) in one or a few areas that are personally meaningful, while paying less attention to other areas.
18. A measure of how healthy and energetic a person feels is ________.
A measure of how healthy and energetic a person feels is (VITALITY).
19. Illnesses that are, or once were, more common in wealthier people and nations than in poorer ones are referred to as diseases of _________.
Illnesses that are, or once were, more common in wealthier people and nations than in poorer ones are referred to as diseases of (AFFLUENCE).
20. The most common assisted reproductive technology method is __ _____ _____________ or ___.
The most common assisted reproductive technology method is (IN VITRO FERTILIZATION or IVF).
21. According to Sternberg, ________ intelligence fosters efficient learning, remembering, and thinking.
According to Sternberg, (ANALYTIC) intelligence fosters efficient learning, remembering, and thinking.
22. One in eight residents of the U.S. aged 50 to 65 has difficulty walking three city blocks. Mary is one of these, and she needs to walk farther than that distance for work; this is an example of a(n) __________ for her.
One in eight residents of the U.S. aged 50 to 65 has difficulty walking three city blocks. Mary is one of these, and she needs to walk farther than that distance for work; this is an example of a(n) (DISABILITY) for her.
23. The drop in testosterone levels of older men that results in reduced sexual desire is known as __________.
The drop in testosterone levels of older men that results in reduced sexual desire is known as (ANDROPAUSE).
24. The ability to strategically use one's intellectual strengths to compensate for declining capacities associated with age is called selective ____________ with compensation.
The ability to strategically use one's intellectual strengths to compensate for declining capacities associated with age is called selective (OPTIMIZATION) with compensation.
25. To increase their sexual desire, some women take ____________ supplements.
To increase their sexual desire, some women take (TESTOSTERONE) supplements.
1. In middle adulthood, a person typically gains weight and loses nearly an inch in height.
A) True
B) False
A – True
2. Mid-life changes in appearance have significant health consequences.
A) True
B) False
B – False
3. Cohort differences are among the factors that account for age-related variation in adult intelligence.
A) True
B) False
B – False
4. Disability refers to how healthy and energetic a person actually feels.
A) True
B) False
B – False
5. Jose is starting to suffer the effects of mild presbycusis. His most noticeable symptom is forgetting where he left his keys.
A) True
B) False
B – False
6. Intellectual abilities sometimes rise, sometimes remain stable, and sometimes decline with age.
A) True
B) False
A – True
7. Most adults reach the peak of their intellectual ability between the ages of 40 and 60.
A) True
B) False
A – True
8. A middle-aged man who is anxious or worried about his self-worth or virility may experience a reduction in testosterone.
A) True
B) False
A – True
9. Practical intelligence is best described as “book smarts.”
A) True
B) False
B – False
10. Schaie's studies of adult intellectual ability differed from earlier studies in that the earlier studies found no age-related declines.
A) True
B) False
B – False
11. When Bayley retested a group of representative adults who had been tested as children, she found that intelligence was still improving at age 36.
A) True
B) False
A – True
12. Analytic intelligence is most useful in adulthood.
A) True
B) False
B – False
13. Doing paid work that is not intellectually challenging appears to decrease individuals' cognitive functioning.
A) True
B) False
A – True
14. In late adulthood, declines in fluid intelligence become so massive that crystallized intelligence is affected, and this is the point at which overall IQ begins to fall.
A) True
B) False
A – True
15. Bayley's retesting of the intelligence of a group of gifted adults who had been tested as children is an example of cross-sequential design.
A) True
B) False
B – False
16. Novices tend to be better than experts at developing strategies to accomplish a particular task.
A) True
B) False
B – False
17. Joanna, at adulthood, is finding that the size of newspaper print is getting smaller. To compensate, she holds the paper farther away from her eyes than she had to when she was younger. She has become nearsighted with age.
A) True
B) False
B – False
18. As long as middle-aged adults continue to eat the same amounts they ate in young adulthood, they will have no problems with weight gain as they age.
A) True
B) False
B – False
19. Someone who has an extensive vocabulary and knows specific dates in history would rate high in fluid intelligence.
A) True
B) False
B – False
20. Women are more likely to have every chronic disease, including heart disease, under the age of 50.
A) True
B) False
B – False
21. Spearman proposed that intelligence is a single entity, which he called g.
A) True
B) False
A – True
22. The “shallow decline” in abilities that are dependent on the brain begin to become noticeable to others starting around age 30.
A) True
B) False
B – False
23. Vitality is a reflection of the objective measures of health such as mortality and happiness.
A) True
B) False
B – False
24. A combination of progesterone and estrogen (HRT) is commonly used to treat immune system disorders.
A) True
B) False
B – False
25. Developmentalists use the term “expert” only for people who are extraordinarily gifted at a particular task.
A) True
B) False
B – False
26. Spearman believed that general intelligence cannot be measured directly; it must be inferred from various abilities.
A) True
B) False
A – True
27. It is now generally believed by the medical profession that the risks of hormone replacement therapy outweigh the benefits for most women.
A) True
B) False
A – True
28. The drop in testosterone levels of older men that result in reduced sexual desire is known as andropause.
A) True
B) False
A – True
29. Older employees are able to devise cognitive strategies to compensate for the decline of other job-related skills.
A) True
B) False
A – True
30. Practical intelligence seems to decline throughout most of adulthood, with some later-life increase.
A) True
B) False
B – False
31. Sternberg argues that there are eight intelligences that are closely related and interwoven.
A) True
B) False
B – False
1. According to Erikson, one of the stages of adult psychosocial development is generativity versus __________.
According to Erikson, one of the stages of adult psychosocial development is generativity versus (STAGNATION).
2. The midlife crisis is a result of _____________ _______ (or _______ __ __________) rather than age.
The midlife crisis is a result of (DEVELOPMENTAL HISTORY [or HISTORY OF EXPERIENCE]) rather than age.
3. A middle-aged woman who brings her adult children and their young children, as well as her mother, to her home for weekly family dinners is serving as a(n) _________.
A middle-aged woman who brings her adult children and their young children, as well as her mother, to her home for weekly family dinners is serving as a(n) (KINKEEPER).
4. Often, the responsibilities of adulthood make adults __________ rather than stagnant.
Often, the responsibilities of adulthood make adults (GENERATIVE) rather than stagnant.
5. The percentage of marriages that are remarriages for at least one partner is __%.
The percentage of marriages that are remarriages for at least one partner is (50%).
6. A particular lifestyle and social context that evoke and reinforce a person's personality needs and interests is a(n) __________ niche.
A particular lifestyle and social context that evoke and reinforce a person's personality needs and interests is a(n) (ECOLOGICAL) niche.
7. According to the most current U.S. Census, the number of households in the United States that are headed by a homosexual couple is 1 in ___.
According to the most current U.S. Census, the number of households in the United States that are headed by a homosexual couple is 1 in (150).
8. The members of Jun's social convoy who are typically most supportive are her _______.
The members of Jun's social convoy who are typically most supportive are her (FRIENDS).
9. The percentage of residents over the age of 65 in the United States who have never been married is _%.
The percentage of residents over the age of 65 in the United States who have never been married is (4%).
10. On average, divorce is most likely to occur within the first _ years of marriage.
On average, divorce is most likely to occur within the first (5) years of marriage.
11. In a family, the person who gathers the family together, and keeps in touch with relatives serves as a(n) _________; this person is most often a middle-aged _____.
In a family, the person who gathers the family together, and keeps in touch with relatives serves as a(n) (KINKEEPER); this person is most often a middle-aged (WOMAN).
12. People who are anxious and moody are high in the personality dimension of ___________.
People who are anxious and moody are high in the personality dimension of (NEUROTICISM).
13. The personality dimension that is characterized by a tendency to be active, outgoing, and assertive is ____________.
The personality dimension that is characterized by a tendency to be active, outgoing, and assertive is (EXTROVERSION).
14. The combined total burden of stress and disease with which an individual must cope is known as __________ ____.
The combined total burden of stress and disease with which an individual must cope is known as (ALLOSTATIC LOAD).
15. Of the Big Five, the only trait that stays relatively stable from young adulthood to middle adulthood is ____________.
Of the Big Five, the only trait that stays relatively stable from young adulthood to middle adulthood is (EXTROVERSION).
16. The radical reexamination and sudden transformation that is widely believed to occur at age 40 is termed the ________ ______.
The radical reexamination and sudden transformation that is widely believed to occur at age 40 is termed the (MIDLIFE CRISIS).
17. Whether or not adults provide support to their adult children and to their elderly parents is most likely a function of ___________.
Whether or not adults provide support to their adult children and to their elderly parents is most likely a function of (PERSONALITY).
18. According to Erikson, when individuals are productive in an unselfish and caring way, they are demonstrating ____________.
According to Erikson, when individuals are productive in an unselfish and caring way, they are demonstrating (GENERATIVITY).
19. The timetable of social norms that guides adult expectations for behavior is the ______ _____.
The timetable of social norms that guides adult expectations for behavior is the (SOCIAL CLOCK).
20. Family members of the same generation who provide guidance and socialization to one another as they go through life are part of a social ______.
Family members of the same generation who provide guidance and socialization to one another as they go through life are part of a social (CONVOY).
21. As adults age, their friendships tend to _______.
As adults age, their friendships tend to (IMPROVE).
22. The group of people who move through life with an individual, providing protection and encouragement, is that individual's ______ ______.
The group of people who move through life with an individual, providing protection and encouragement, is that individual's (SOCIAL CONVOY).
23. The more times an individual has been married, the ____ likely it is that the current marriage will end in divorce.
The more times an individual has been married, the (MORE) likely it is that the current marriage will end in divorce.
24. Employees who achieve a certain status and expertise on the job are in a position to act as a ______ to an inexperienced employee.
Employees who achieve a certain status and expertise on the job are in a position to act as a (MENTOR) to an inexperienced employee.
25. People find ways to avoid living in a multigenerational household but still provide support to family members when ________ is weak.
People find ways to avoid living in a multigenerational household but still provide support to family members when (FAMILISM) is weak.
1. According to Erikson, the search for identity is complete at the end of the stage of identity versus role confusion.
A) True
B) False
B – False
2. The combined total amount of stress and disease with which an individual must cope is known as allostatic load.
A) True
B) False
A - True
3. Few developmentalists today believe that the changes of middle age produce a midlife crisis.
A) True
B) False
A – True
4. In most cultures, gender-role demands become more rigid at midlife.
A) True
B) False
B – False
5. Extrinsic rewards of work include pride in a job well done and friendship at the workplace.
A) True
B) False
B – False
6. Divorce is influenced by the social and political context.
A) True
B) False
A – True
7. After remarriage, men typically become happier and more sociable.
A) True
B) False
A – True
8. All of Paulo and Geneva's children have moved away, started families and begun working on their career. According to the text, Paulo and Geneva's home is now referred to as a quiet haven.
A) True
B) False
B – False
9. The “Big Five” refers to the five years following the fortieth birthday.
A) True
B) False
B – False
10. Changes in an individual's circumstances may lead to changes in personality.
A) True
B) False
A – True
11. Most middle-aged adults rarely speak with their adult children.
A) True
B) False
B – False
12. The midlife crisis is a more matter of developmental history than of age.
A) True
B) False
A – True
13. The group of people who move through life with an individual, providing protection and encouragement, is that individual's social convoy.
A) True
B) False
A – True
14. Research has suggested that those adults who provide support to their adult children and to their elderly parents tend to do this because of guilt.
A) True
B) False
B – False
15. According to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, about 60 percent of workers have traditional work schedules.
A) True
B) False
B – False
16. Gender convergence can change individuals' core personality.
A) True
B) False
B – False
17. The percentage of marriages that are remarriages for at least one partner is about 25 percent.
A) True
B) False
B – False
18. When asked if their personalities had changed since young adulthood, middle-aged adults tend to say that it has changed, for the better.
A) True
B) False
A – True
19. The intrinsic rewards of work often result in less absenteeism and job change.
A) True
B) False
A – True
20. How people react to changes in adulthood is directly tied to calendar milestones.
A) True
B) False
B – False
21. The family is our most important individual support system.
A) True
B) False
A – True
22. Developmental changes in personality traits are quite different across different cultures.
A) True
B) False
B – False
23. Between the ages of 25-42, the average worker in the United States has had five separate employers.
A) True
B) False
A – True
24. Genes influence adult personality more than other contributing factors including parental practices, culture, and adult experiences.
A) True
B) False
A – True
25. As adults age, their friendships tend to stagnate.
A) True
B) False
B – False
26. In some cultures, families have been replaced by other social groups.
A) True
B) False
B – False
1. One of the main problems that prevent the elderly from receiving adequate nutrition is the reduced efficiency of the _________ system, which makes the absorption of _________ more difficult.
One of the main problems that prevent the elderly from receiving adequate nutrition is the reduced efficiency of the (DIGESTIVE) system, which makes the absorption of (NUTRIENTS) more difficult.
2. The distinction between the young-old and the old-old is based on characteristics related to ______ and ____-_____.
The distinction between the young-old and the old-old is based on characteristics related to (HEALTH) and (WELL-BEING).
3. A significant reason for the overall variation in cognitive scores is due to reduced _______ input.
A significant reason for the overall variation in cognitive scores is due to reduced (SENSORY) input.
4. A brain affected by Alzheimer disease has _______ outside the brain cells and tangles of protein filaments.
A brain affected by Alzheimer disease has (PLAQUES) outside the brain cells and tangles of protein filaments.
5. Severely impaired judgment, memory, or problem-solving ability is referred to as ________ (NOT ________).
Severely impaired judgment, memory, or problem-solving ability is referred to as (DEMENTIA (NOT SENILITY).
6. Aging that is caused by diseases is referred to as _________ aging.
Aging that is caused by diseases is referred to as (SECONDARY) aging.
7. Because of falling birth rates and increased longevity, the shape of the population chart of age groups is becoming a ______.
Because of falling birth rates and increased longevity, the shape of the population chart of age groups is becoming a (SQUARE).
8. A ___________ is a person still alive after his or her 100th birthday.
A (CENTENARIAN) is a person still alive after his or her 100th birthday.
9. Categorizing or judging people solely on the basis of their chronological age is referred to as ______.
Categorizing or judging people solely on the basis of their chronological age is referred to as (AGEISM).
10. The main symptom of Lewy body dementia is the loss of __________.
The main symptom of Lewy body dementia is the loss of (INHIBITION).
11. The famous American artist who began oil painting at age 75 and had her first one-woman show in New York City at the age of 80 is _______ _____.
The famous American artist who began oil painting at age 75 and had her first one-woman show in New York City at the age of 80 is (GRANDMA MOSES).
12. The most common cause of blindness among the elderly is _______ ____________.
The most common cause of blindness among the elderly is (MACULAR DEGENERATION).
13. The examination of one's own past life that tends to be therapeutic is referred to as a(n) ____ ______.
The examination of one's own past life that tends to be therapeutic is referred to as a(n) (LIFE REVIEW).
14. Research in discovering ways to slow the aging process finds that _______ ___________ is most promising.
Research in discovering ways to slow the aging process finds that (CALORIE RESTRICTION) is most promising.
15. ______________ _______ involves the heart and circulatory system.
(CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE) involves the heart and circulatory system.
16. Every morning, George takes one aspirin to reduce his risk of heart attack or stroke. Because of the aspirin, he will need more _______ _.
Every morning, George takes one aspirin to reduce his risk of heart attack or stroke. Because of the aspirin, he will need more (VITAMIN C).
17. In the past, demographers portrayed the United States population in the shape of a demographic _______.
In the past, demographers portrayed the United States population in the shape of a demographic (PYRAMID).
18. The leading cause of death from injury after age 60 is _______.
The leading cause of death from injury after age 60 is (FALLING).
19. With age, the shrinkage of the __________ ______ results in lack of inhibition.
With age, the shrinkage of the (PREFRONTAL CORTEX) results in lack of inhibition.
20. A symptom of __________ in late adulthood is exaggerated attention to small memory losses or refusal to answer any questions that measure cognition.
A symptom of (DEPRESSION) in late adulthood is exaggerated attention to small memory losses or refusal to answer any questions that measure cognition.
1. Older adults tend to use “top-down” problem-solving strategies.
A) True
B) False
A – True
2. Research has demonstrated that younger adults often put too much trust in their memories and thus sometimes have more problems with forgetting in daily life than do older adults.
A) True
B) False
A – True
3. The first ministroke a person suffers serves as a warning that more strokes are likely to follow.
A) True
B) False
A – True
4. Dementia is a common and expected condition in the very aged population.
A) True
B) False
B – False
5. Diagnosing the particular cause of an individual's dementia is simple.
A) True
B) False
B – False
6. Both short-term and long-term memory are somewhat reduced in older adults.
A) True
B) False
A – True
7. Older adults have more problems with tip-of-the-tongue phenomena than do younger adults.
A) True
B) False
A – True
8. Reversible conditions such as depression and drug interactions can cause the symptoms of dementia.
A) True
B) False
A – True
9. Millie takes an aspirin daily to reduce her risk of heart attack or stroke. Taking the aspirin increases her need for Vitamin C.
A) True
B) False
A – True
10. Severely impaired judgment is the main consequence of primary aging.
A) True
B) False
B – False
11. Elderspeak is necessary to enable older people to comprehend speech.
A) True
B) False
B – False
12. Older adults may remember some aspects of their daily lives even better than college students, because they have structured their lives with reminders.
A) True
B) False
A – True
13. The poorest developing nations have a dependency ratio of approximately 1:1, while industrialized nations have a dependency ratio of approximately 2:1.
A) True
B) False
A – True
14. Some decline in control processes appears to be more a result of older adults' resistance to change than a direct result of aging.
A) True
B) False
A – True
15. The term senile is ageist.
A) True
B) False
A – True
16. A decrease in processing speed seems to be the crucial underlying explanation for many of the intellectual declines of age.
A) True
B) False
A – True
17. With age, the prefrontal cortex shrinks.
A) True
B) False
A – True
18. Typically, people die 10 to 15 years after the onset of the first stage of Alzheimer disease.
A) True
B) False
A – True
19. It is always clear to elderly adults that they are experiencing problems with sensory input.
A) True
B) False
B – False
20. The life review tends to be a solitary process, as people evaluate their successes and failures in life.
A) True
B) False
B – False
21. Ageism refers to prejudice against the elderly.
A) True
B) False
A – True
22. Mary is 56 years old. We can expect her vocabulary to continue increasing until she is at least 80 years of age.
A) True
B) False
A – True
23. Most older people are neither senile nor wise, but somewhere in between.
A) True
B) False
A – True
24. Even with technology and specialist care, most elderly individuals who have sensory loss function poorly.
A) True
B) False
B – False
25. Macular degeneration can be compensated for by a computer that scans printed text and speaks the words.
A) True
B) False
A – True
26. Older adults are slower at almost all measures of cognition, but they were not necessarily less accurate.
A) True
B) False
A – True
27. Misdiagnosis of the causes of dementia is a reason why some individuals do not get treated.
A) True
B) False
A – True
28. Without compensation for the loss of sharpness in their senses, social distancing of the elderly is inevitable.
A) True
B) False
A – True
29. Ageism results in social isolation of older adults.
A) True
B) False
A – True
30. Inadequate control processes may explain many of the memory difficulties in the aged.
A) True
B) False
A – True
1. According to Erikson, each new experience throughout life requires a reassessment of ________.
According to Erikson, each new experience throughout life requires a reassessment of (IDENTITY).
2. The obligation by adult children to care for their elderly parents is known as ______ ______________.
The obligation by adult children to care for their elderly parents is known as (FILIAL RESPONSIBILITY).
3. An intermediate form of care for older adults is referred to as ________ ______.
An intermediate form of care for older adults is referred to as (ASSISTED LIVING).
4. The family members, friends, and peers who move through life together make up a ______ ______.
The family members, friends, and peers who move through life together make up a (SOCIAL CONVOY).
5. Paul and Margaret Baltes emphasize that people can choose to cope with physical and cognitive losses in late adulthood through selective optimization with ____________.
Paul and Margaret Baltes emphasize that people can choose to cope with physical and cognitive losses in late adulthood through selective optimization with (COMPENSATION).
6. Activities and actions that require some intellectual competence and forethought are referred to as ____________ activities of daily life.
Activities and actions that require some intellectual competence and forethought are referred to as (INSTRUMENTAL) activities of daily life.
7. ______________ theories focus on the ways in which people organize themselves and are organized by society according to their particular characteristics and circumstances.
(STRATIFICATION) theories focus on the ways in which people organize themselves and are organized by society according to their particular characteristics and circumstances.
8. According to __________ theory, each person copes with late adulthood in much the same way that he or she coped during earlier periods of life.
According to (CONTINUITY) theory, each person copes with late adulthood in much the same way that he or she coped during earlier periods of life.
9. When the oldest generations are given limited roles and circumscribed opportunities in society in order to make way for upcoming generations, the culture is practicing age ______________.
When the oldest generations are given limited roles and circumscribed opportunities in society in order to make way for upcoming generations, the culture is practicing age (STRATIFICATION).
10. As adults age, they are more likely to perceive and remember events in their lives with fondness and goodwill, demonstrating the __________ ______.
As adults age, they are more likely to perceive and remember events in their lives with fondness and goodwill, demonstrating the (POSITIVITY EFFECT).
11. The basic idea of ________ theory is that people of all ages need to know who they are even in the face of the inevitable experiences of aging.
The basic idea of (IDENTITY) theory is that people of all ages need to know who they are even in the face of the inevitable experiences of aging.
12. In comparing males to females, losing a spouse is more common for _______ and living without a spouse is somewhat easier for _______.
In comparing males to females, losing a spouse is more common for (FEMALES) and living without a spouse is somewhat easier for (FEMALES).
13. The major organization in the United States representing the elderly is the ____.
The major organization in the United States representing the elderly is the (AARP).
14. The elderly are very concerned with ______ ________ and tend to vote against any reduction of its benefits, which is why it is sometimes called “the third rail” of domestic politics.
The elderly are very concerned with (SOCIAL SECURITY) and tend to vote against any reduction of its benefits, which is why it is sometimes called “the third rail” of domestic politics.
15. ____ theories begin with the premise that adults make choices, confront problems, and interpret reality in such a way as to define and express themselves and achieve as fully as possible.
(SELF) theories begin with the premise that adults make choices, confront problems, and interpret reality in such a way as to define and express themselves and achieve as fully as possible.
16. ___________ is a program in which older people live on college campuses and take special classes.
(ELDERHOSTEL) is a program in which older people live on college campuses and take special classes.
17. Today, most of the frail elderly are cared for by _________.
Today, most of the frail elderly are cared for by (RELATIVES).
18. Most frequently, elder abuse is committed by a(n) _____ _____.
Most frequently, elder abuse is committed by a(n) (ADULT CHILD).
19. A ________ family consists of many generations but only a few members are in each generation.
A (BEANPOLE) family consists of many generations but only a few members are in each generation.
20. A person who needs assistance with only one ADL may be considered _____.
A person who needs assistance with only one ADL may be considered (FRAIL).
1. Prayer and other religious practices increase with age.
A) True
B) False
A – True
2. The elderly are more politically active than any other age group on nearly all measures of political activism.
A) True
B) False
A – True
3. Widows are more likely to remarry than are widowers.
A) True
B) False
B – False
4. “Universities of the Third Age” is a learning program for older people in Europe.
A) True
B) False
A – True
5. Religious faith reduces the risk of illness.
A) True
B) False
A – True
6. Elder abuse usually begins benignly and then becomes worse.
A) True
B) False
A – True
7. The majority of elderly who were never married are unhappy.
A) True
B) False
B – False
8. The inability to perform IADLs can make a person frail and dependent on others.
A) True
B) False
A – True
9. An intermediate form of elder care is assisted living.
A) True
B) False
A – True
10. The emotional effects of losing a spouse are harder on women than on men.
A) True
B) False
B – False
11. After a spouse dies, women tend to have more social support than do men.
A) True
B) False
A – True
12. An older person's use of selective optimization with compensation is a sign that he or she is near death.
A) True
B) False
B – False
13. Older adults who take academic classes populated by mostly college students tend to do relatively poorly, as they are unable to compensate for declines in their reaction time and fluid intelligence.
A) True
B) False
B – False
14. The majority of the elderly are frail.
A) True
B) False
B – False
15. Recent research has indicated that older adults want to work as long as they are physically able.
A) True
B) False
B – False
16. Older adults who want to remain in their homes regardless of their health are expressing a desire to age in place.
A) True
B) False
A – True
17. Most elderly spouses care for each other out of feelings of obligation.
A) True
B) False
B – False
18. Most elders and their relatives feel that nursing homes are a good option.
A) True
B) False
B – False
19. The central idea of self theories is that ultimately each person depends on himself or herself.
A) True
B) False
A – True
20. Long-term marriages result in many serious disagreements during late adulthood.
A) True
B) False
B – False