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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Organic Molecules contain_____
carbon and hydrogen
carbon atoms are ________ bonded
covalently
4 elements all living things contain _____
carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen
Isomer
same molecules, different structure
three types of carbohydrates ______
monosaccharide, disaccharide, polysaccharide
bond that forms between monosaccharides
glycosidice
monosaccharide example
glucose, fructose
disaccharide example
sucrose, maltose
polysaccharide example
starch, cellulose, glycogin, chitin
animals and plants store energy as ________
animals-glycogin
plants-starch
building blocks of proteins ______
amino acids
_____ determines the type and shape of protein
sequence
bond between amino acids
peptide
protein shape
primary, secondary, tertirary, quarternary
proteins that speed up reactions
enzymes
building blocks of lipids
fatty acids and glycorale
lipids include _________
fats/oils, waxes, phospholipids, steroids
fatty acids without double bonds
saturated fats
fatty acids with double bonds
unsaturated fats
phosopholipids make up the ________
plasma membrane
made up of ________
2 fatty acids and phospholipid head
building block of nucleic acids
nucleotides
nucleotides consist of ___________
phosphate, pentose sugar, nitrogen base
examples of nucleic acids
ATP, DNA, RNA
cell theory
all cells come from preexisting cells, cell is the building block of all organisms, all living things are made of cells