Darius I of Persia

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    Xerxes was born in 519 B.C. to Darius I the Persian king and Atossa. “When Darius ascended to the Persian throne, he took a number of the previous king's wives as his property. One of them was Atossa, daughter of Cyrus I” (abc-clio). Atossa wanted her son, Xerxes, to become king. To get her son to be king she enlisted the help of Greek exile Demaratus to convince the king that his elder sons, that he had before he became king, were not his children. That the had a different father. This seemed to work since Xerxes became next in line for king. Darius, in 490 B.C., tried to invade Greece but failed. Darius then appointed Xerxes viceroy of Babylonia. Viceroy is a person who rules over a certain area. The viceroy of Babylonia is a huge accomplishment…

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    Second Temple Essay

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    The rebuilding of the Jews Second Temple inspired by God through Zerubbabel, Ezra and Nehemiah during the Persian period (as a consequence of the destruction of the First Temple by the Babylonian empire), starting in 537 B.C. finishing with his destruction in A.D. 70; marked the beginning of Israel return after 70 years of exile to Jerusalem. Meanwhile, a few years before, the Israelites wandered through the wilderness for 40 years after being free from 400 years of slavery by God. He instructed…

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    Persepolis Essay

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    This wealth was put into the royal treasury which became important for financial administration and storage of wealth. Darius followed Lydian tradition and minted coins gold coins “darics” and silver coins “sigloi”, stamped with insignia. He also introduced a new weight, the “karsha”, in the shape of a pyramidion. The standardization of weights and measures and the introduction of coinage was effective in facilitating imperial trade and provided flexibility in the exchange of goods throughout…

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    Long ago, around 550 BCE(GeaCron) what would become the biggest empire was born. This empire had many rulers, like any empire, but the first ruler’s tactics of ruling were oddly similar. From Cyrus, the “great king of persia”, to Xerxes, the feared ruler of Persia you can see lots of similarities and differences between these ruler’s tactics. One example of how the Persian ruler’s tactics were similar were between the first ruler, Cyrus, and one of the later rulers, Darius. When it comes to…

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    In his work, The Histories, the Greek historian Herodotus gives an account of Darius and Xerxes, who were two members of the Achaemenidai family, and ruled as Kings during the Greco-Persian Wars. Persian kingship was different from earlier Greek kingship. I believe, however, that if we examine the virtues that Darius and Xerxes had, we could see they shared similar values than the Greeks. In this essay, I will argue that Herodotus does indeed provide us with a narrative that indicates that…

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    successfully overthrew the Medes and started the very first Persian Empire. Through knowledge he gained from working for the Medes, Cyrus was able to persuade the Lydian and the Babylonian empires to join Persia. Within 11 years, Cyrus had all of the Fertile Crescent and and a significant amount of land from Asia Minor. Cyrus’s was able to do this in just 11 years due to his unique way of governing. This unique way was where he left the people he conquered to do what they originally did before…

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    First, he started with diplomacy by sending envoys to Greek-city states seeking “water and earth” - which acted as tokens of submission to Persian rule. Many city-states submitted, but the two major powers, Athens and Sparta, threw the envoys down a hole in response. This created an anti-Persian alliance between Sparta and Athens ending a period of conflict between the two cities. In 490 B.C.E., Darius sent an army led by Datis the Mede and Artaphernes the Younger across the Aegean Sea to…

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    C.E to 486 B.C.E Darius continued the trend of victory within the empire, winning countless battles and conquering many nations. Because Darius’ success was so grand, he commissioned a monument to be made in his honor. (Behistun Inscription p.30) Workers carved the inscription in western Iran and provided it in Elamite, the language of chancellery in Persia, along with a few of the languages from the nations he conquered. Accompanying the inscription was a 2D sculpture depicting a scene of…

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    The Persians Play

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    The play that I selected was The Persians by Aeschylus translated by George Theodoridis copyright in 2009 with the rights reserved by Bacchicstage. The characters in this play include Xeres, who was the King of Persia at the time and is presented in the play as a dejected king who was responsible for the downfall of Persia because of his young rash decisions to go to war with the Greeks. When described by the ghost of his father, Darius, he is presented as a young king who would do anything to…

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    produces a fictional narrative”, which is problematic as these historical events are corroborated by the Cyrus Cylinder (539 BCE), the Nabonidus Chronicle (ca. 540 BCE), Mursili 's Ten-Year Annals (ca. 1295 BCE), the Tang-i Var Inscription (ca. 706 BCE), Sennachrib 's Siege of Jerusalem…

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