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33 Cards in this Set

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Battle of Britain
Air campaign waged by the German air force against the United Kingdom in 1940.
First battle to be fought with just AIR FORCES. Germany was not able to destroy Britains air defenses.
The name derives from a famous speech delivered by Prime Minister Winston Churchill in the House of Commons: "The Battle of France is over. I expect the Battle of Britain is about to begin
. Bataan Death March
more than 7,000 American and Filipino troops dies in this journey took place in the Philippines in 1942. The march, involving the forcible transfer of 75,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war[1] captured by the Japanese in the Philippines from the Bataan peninsula to prison camps, was characterized by wide-ranging physical abuse and murder
Doolittle Raids
After Pearl Harbor FDR wanted US to retaliate against Japan. US devised a plan for nighttime bombing raid from the deck of an aircraft carrier USS Horrnet…this was led by James Doolittle. This battle and theBattle of Coral Sea renewed confidence for Americans
Battle of Coral Sea
The turning point of the allies.
It helped kindle hope for the American military in the Pacific. US airplanes attacked Japanese ships and vice versa>> The US won
Battle Stalingrad
Turning point of the war in Europe. Hitler could no longer dominate after this war against Soviets..
Hitler sent his troops into Stalingrad (Russia) to try to get control of the oil fields. This battle was very ferocious. German troops fought the soviets block by block and house by house, The Germans sick frostbitten and hungry but Hitler would not let them surrender, Germany finally HAD to surrender in Jan, 1943,
. D-Day
D- Day was on June 6, 1944 in Normandy. The Allies hit Germany in force. The invasion of Normandy was truly a massive international effort U.S., Canadian, and British forces were assigned different beaches, Members of the French underground were waiting to offer aid and support. At the end of that day the Allies had gained a toehold in France.
Battle of the Bulge
The Battle of the bulge was the last Nazi offensive of the war.
The Germans caught the Allies by surprise, creating a bulge in the American line and captured several key towns. It was a desperate attempt to drive a wedge between American and British forces. Instead it crippled Germany by using its reserve and demoralizing its troops.
It almost succeeded, but in the end was a failure. It crippled Germany by using its reserve and demoralizing its troops.
Battle of Midway
The Battle of Midway was considered a major turning point of WW II. The most important NAVAL Battle in WW II. It halted Japanese expansion in the Pacific. The Americans triumphed at Midway. Different Naval battle because the fighting was carried on by swift airplanes that took off from the decks of aircraft carriers to bomb vessels many miles away. During the Battle of Midway, the US Navy knew the Japanese plans because the Navy code breakers had intercepted the Japanese messages
Significance of military leader
Dwight D. Eisenhower
was a general (known as Ike) and he commanded the Allied invasion of North Africaand Italy,. Because of this, he was made the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces. He skillfully handled D-Day invasion. He became President and served two terms.
Significance of military leader George S. Patton
Eisenhower put the American forces in North Africa under the command of George Patton – an innovative tank commander. Known as “blood and guts”.
Significance of military leader
Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur was the commander of the United States Army forces in Asia
Significance of military leader
James Doolittle
American Colonel who let the nighttime bombing raid against Japan after the attack at Pearl Harbor. It was called the Doolittle Raid. The raid provided minimal military gain, but bolstered American morale for long fight ahead.
Significance of military leader Chester Nimitz
was and Admiral and the Commander of the United States Navy in the Pacific. Battle of Midway.
Significance of military leader Hideki Tojo
was the Japanese prime minister. Known as the “Razor” he sought to keep US neutral. He was the person who made the decision to deliver the first blow against the US at Pearl Haror
Significance of military leader Erwin Rommel
German General and tank strategist – known as “Desert Fox”. Led his troops against the Americans in Tunisia. Rommel had to retreat.
What was the significance of the Tuskegee Airmen?
A special unit of African American pilots, Rather than carrying bombs, some planes escorted and protected these planes that did. These airmen did not loose a single bomber
Exact Dates and pace of Wars
a. Hitler’s invasion of Poland -
b. Great Britain/France declare war on Germany-
c. Bombing of Pearl Harbor - d. D-Day
e. V-E Day
f. V-J Day
a. Hitler’s invasion of Poland - Sept. 1, 1939
b. Great Britain/France declare war on Germany- September 3, 1939
c. Bombing of Pearl Harbor - December 7, 1941
d. D-Day - D_Day was on June 6, 1944 in Normandy
e. V-E Day – Victory in-Europe Day was May 8, 1945
f. V-J Day - Victory in Japan Day was on August 15, 1945
Date/ Location
Hitlers Invasion of Poland
Sept. 1, 1939
Date/ Location
Great Britain/France declare war on Germany
September 3, 1939
Date/ Location
Bombing of Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941
D_Day was on June 6, 1944 in Normandy
V-E Day
Victory in-Europe Day was May 8, 1945
. V-J Day
Victory in Japan Day was on August 15, 1945
Explain the circumstances behind and the decision of Korematsu vs. United States
-1944 Supreme Court case in which Fred Korematsu believed the US government was violating the civil rights of all Japanese Americans by putting them in internment camps
-Court ruled that government had the right to internment in times of war
-1988-Government officially apologized & paid reparations to surviving Japanese squad
-442nd Regimental Combat Team: all Japanese
What was the Allied “Island-Hopping” strategy?
American forces in the Pacific hopped from island to island , capturing Japanese-held islands in a steady path toward Japan.
What was decided at the Yalta Conference?
After the War, At the Yalta Conference, the big three allies ( US, Russia, and Britaain?? ) agreed that Hungary, Bulgaria, and Romania would hold free elections. However, Stalin reneged on his promise.
What was decided at the Potsdam Conference?
In 1945, the Big Three (US, Soviet Union, and Britain) met in Potsdam and decided to divide the Germany into four zones of occupation: Soviet, American, British, and French. They agreed to new borders and free elections for Poland. They recognized the Soviets rights to claim war damages from Germany. Stalin reaffirmed his Yalta pledge to enter war against Japan. This is where Truman eluded to Stalin about the development of the atomic bomb. The conference is the beginning of tension between the United States and the USSR, as well as a possible forewarning to the Cold War.
General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade (GATT)
1948 treaty designed to expand world-trade by reducing tariffs
United Nations
an organization that many hoped would succeed where the League of Nations had failed.
In 1945, delegates from 50 nations met in San Francisco to write a charter for UN. The United Nations (UN) was formed on the basis of cooperation between the Great Powers
Geneva Convention
An International Agreement governing the humane treatment of wounded soldiers and prisoners of War.
Nuremberg Trials
Allies prosecuted Nazis for war crimes.
What two nations emerged as the global super powers following the end of World War II?
United States and the Soviet Union
What effects did WWII have on the American economy?
It ended the Great Depression and began decades of economic growth – more wealth for US.