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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
3 facts about Classical Realism
Power = influence
It is human nature to dominate so thats how states act
Anarchy= the absence of a world government.
Anarchy causes states to act on survival
Offensive Realism
states work to maximize power rather than survival

- Offshore balancing
Defensive Realism
States will balance againsts the most threatening state, not most powerful

- Isolationism
Democratic peace theory
democracies will not go to war with one another
Liberal Pacifism
- Interactions of capitalism and democracy, forces of peace

- Liberal communities will not go to war with one another. The costs are too much.
Concert of Democracies
institutions that bring together the most capable states that share common interests and perspectives on the dangers confronting us.
Liberals believe that cooperation is possible because.....
oVehicle for helping democracies confront their national security challenges.
oPromote economic growth and development
oPromote democracy and human rights
•Anarchy is what states make of it.
•Identities are all formed through human interactions
•Knowledge shapes and interprets actions
•Anarchy is a social product
oTreaties are a product of social interactions
What is Kenneth Waltz’s conception of anarchy and how is this different from a constructivist understanding of anarchy.
-Waltz on anarchy - is the absence of a world government. Living in a world of anarchy causes states to act on survival.
- A constructionist view on anarchy is that anarchy is a social product. It is formed through social interactions.
What is the democratic peace theory and how is it different from liberal pacifism?
- the democratic peace theory states that democracies are peaceful with one another.
- liberal pacifism states that liberal communities will not go to war with one another because the costs of war are too much.
Difference between classical realism and neo-realists
- power
- human nature (dominate and survival)
- anarchy?
Liberal Theorist argue that co operation is possible because
- democratic states rely heavily on the economy
- a lot of benefits of joining an international organization
- provides national security
Provide a feminist critique of power.
Morgenthau’s concept of power is based on assumptions about human nature that are partial and privilege masculinity.
How would a feminist conceptualize power?
Most feminists are skeptical about the possibility of finding a universal and objective foundation for knowledge being socially constructed. A feminist would conceptualize power in terms of energy, capacity and potential, which is different from Morgenthau’s domination
Liberal point of view of institution
- that institutions provide insurance and mechanism of cooperation.
- international peace and justice in an era of global politics rests in protecting the rights of individuals.
constructionist point of view on institutions
see institutions as created out of shared norms.
security dilemma
A security dilemma is when two states assume the worst of one another and act in that way. This is perfectly exemplified when the United States and the former Soviet Union were in an arms race.
Kants Influence on liberal internationalism
by proving that Liberal pacifist do not cooperate well with non-pacifist states.
He also argues that a republican government tames the people and prevents the state from absolute monarchy.
Problem solving theory
works within the assumptions of what counts as common sense at a particular point in time and answers questions under assumptions.
critical thinking theory
questions the problem itself and takes common sense for granted.
Difference between offensive realism and defensive realism
offensive realism believes that states act to maximize power rather than ensure survival. Another main difference is that an offensive realist believes in offshore balancing while a defensive realist believes in isolationism.