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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Authoritarian Government
a system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits but may nevertheless be restrained by the power of other social institutions (pg.15)
a form of government in which a single individual- a king, queen, or dictator-rules. (pg.15)
informed and active membership in a political community (pg.12)
constitutional government
a system of rule in which formal and effective limits are placed on the powers on the government (pg. 15)
a system of rule that permits citizens to play a significant part in the governmental process usually through the election of key public officials (pg. 15)
direct action politics
a form of politics, such as civil disobedience or revolutionary action, that takes place outside formal channels (pg.18)
direct democracy
a system of rule that permits citizens to vote directly on laws and policies (pg. 17)
equality of opperrtunity
a widely shared American ideal that all people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to reach their fullest potential (pg.20)
institutions and procedures through which a territory and it's people are ruled (pg.14)
laissez-faire capitalism
am economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately owned and operated for profit with minimal or no government interference (pg. 20)
one who favors minimal government and maximum individual freedom (pg. 4)
freedom from governmental control (pg. 19)
limited government
a principal of constitutional government; a government who's powers are defined and limited by a constitution (pg. 19)
majority rules/minority rights
the democratic principle that a government follows the preferences of the majority of voters but protects the interests of the minority (pg. 21)
a form of government in which a small group-landowners, military officers, or wealthy merchants-controls most of the governing decisions (pg.15)
the theory that all interests are and should be free to compete for influence in the government. The outcome of this competition is compromise and moderation (pg.18)
political culture
broadly shared values, beliefs, and attitudes about how the government should function. American political culture emphasizes the values of liberty, equality, and democracy (pg. 18)
political efficacy
the ability to influence government and politics (pg. 10)
political equality
the right to participate in politics equally, based on the principle of "one person, one vote" (pg. 20)
conflict over the leadership, structures, and policies of governments (pg.20)
popular sovereignty
a principle of democracy in which political authority rests ultimately in the hands of the people (pg. 21)
influence over a government's leadership, organization, and policies (pg. 17)
representative democracy/republic
a system of government in which the populace selects representatives ,who play a significant role in governmental decision making (pg. 17)
totalitarian government
a system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits on its power and seeks to absorb or eliminate other social institutions that might challenge it (pg. 15)