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46 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Compromise Tariff of 1833
It was introduced by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun to gradually reduce the tariff back to the original level of 1816
Trail of Tears
The Cherokee Indians were removed from their homeland and relocated out west. Many died along the way
Specie Circular
Jackson forced everyone to make all their payments on land in gold to stabilize the currency. He wrecked the economy by contracting the currency too much
William Henry Harrison
Famous Indian fighter and then was a general in the war of 1812. His most famous battle was the battle of Tippacanoe Creek. He was president in 1840
Eli Whitney
Invented the cotton gin. It revolutionized the industry as cotton was dying out
The Second Great Awakening
It was an evangelistic movement that swept the country and led to social reforms. It was led by George Whitefield
They got kicked out of Illinois and moved west to the desert. There is still a lot of controversy. They settled the west
William Lloyd Garrison
He is famous for editing the abolitionist paper called the liberator
Fredrick Douglas
Black abolitionist, who was famous for his speeches and he was an example of how a black man with education could advance himself in society
John Tyler
Became president after Harrison died. He represented the split in government over slavery
Mexican War
Mexico lost land to the U.S. (California, New Mexico, Texas) and it was ended with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Compromise of 1850
Henry Clay’s decision to try and balance the number of free and slave states. Fugitive Slave Act was put in place, but it was corrupted by bribes so the Compromise was really ineffective
Kansas Nebraska Bill
Kansas was split over the issue of slavery. The federal made Kansas a slave state. It caused the fighting in Kansas the led to bleeding Kansas. It ripped apart the Compromise of 1820
Dred Scott Decision
Judge Taney ruled once a slave always a slave and that slaves could not be citizens. The southerners controlled all three branches of government
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
States right vs. nationalism. Theses debates thrust Lincoln into the limelight
John Brown
Meteor of the civil war. He brought violence the stage. He was a white abolitionist who hacked some southerners to death at Pottawatomie Creek
Fort Sumter
It was a federal fort that was attacked by southerners led by Beauregard. It was the first shots of the civil war
George Meade
He was the union commander at Gettysburg
He was the commander of the union at Potomac. He won Antietam Creek which was a turning point in the civil war. He was fired after the battle because he didn’t pursue Lee’s Army. He was great at training the soldiers, but he was always scared of losing. He ran for president against Lincoln. He ran on the basis that he would end the war
Andrew Johnson
Tennessean who ran with Lincoln. Presidency and impeachment. He was set up to be impeached by the Tenure of Office Act
Ulysses S. Grant
He became union general after McClellan. He used the union advantage which was numbers. He won the battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia. He also had help from black soldiers
Battle of the Ironclads
A battle between the Moniter(U) and the Merrimack(S). The Moniter won. The union blockade was very effective after the Merrimack was defeated
13th Amendment
It abolished slavery
14th Amendment
Allowed former slaves to become citizens. It led to Corporate America
15th Amendment
Universal Manhood Suffrage. It gave all men the right to vote
Battles of Antietam Creek
: A major turning point in the Civil War. The north had not had a significant victory in over a year. It kept the Europeans out of the war. Lee lost his battle plans and McClellan found them and used them to win the war. It gave Lincoln the opportunity to announce the Emancipation Proclamation and it put the war on a higher plane.
Meade was the commander of the Union Army. Lee was the commander of the confederate army. Picket was a southern general that led the futile charge against the Union Line that led to the defeat of the confederates. Chamberlain was a Union general who led a charge against the southern line when his troops ran out of ammo. Had he not succeeded the South would have won. Warren Oats was the commander who was defeated by Chamberlain
It was the fight for the Mississippi River. Grant stayed with the battle and sieged the town. He starved them out
1st Bull Run
It was a surprising southern victory led by Stonewall Jackson
Ten-Percent Plan
If 10% of a southern state’s voters pledged allegiance to the Union then they could reenter the union. It was Lincoln’s plan to rebuild America. The Wade-Davis Bill was an alternative to the 10% plan
Black Codes
They were codes of conduct for former slaves. It also included work laws. Sharecropping situations arose in the south. So in reality slavery never really left the south
This group was established after the war by Nathan Bedford Forrest. His idea was southerners to regain control of the south. They used force to intimidate former slaves
Freedman’s Bureau
It was a program to help slaves through shelter, education, and many other ways. It was started by Lawrence Oliver
“Bloody Shirt”
The union blamed the war on the south by waving the bloody shirt. It helped keep Republicans in office and Democrats out
trusted his advisors too much. The term has to do with the amount of corruption that is around following the civil war. It was blamed on Grant
The Compromise of 1877
It officially ended the civil war by removing all federal troops from the Southern States. The South also got a cabinet position. The Union got Rutherford B. Hayes as president
Grover Cleveland
There was a surplus of money and it got spent
Cornelius Vanderbilt
He made his fortune in shipping. He is an example of the Robber Barons. He was brutal
Andrew Carnegie
He made his fortune through railroads and U.S. steel. He came up with vertical integration; controlling all aspects of a business
J.P. Morgan
He lent the government money when they were in debt. Morganization was when he took small businesses and taught them how to organize and become successful. He managed other peoples money very well
Gospel of Wealth
God gave us money so we should spread it around and give it to the poor
Knights of Labor
It was a labor union that helped unskilled workers. Terrence Powderly was the first president of the union. It was responsible for the Haymarket festival where a bomb was thrown in the crowd. The union became associated with bad things and marked the decline of Labor Unions
Samuel Gompers
The AF of L. It was a successful union that did quite well
Booker T. Washington
He was associated with Tuskegee Institute. Vocational education. George Washington Carver was a professor at the Institute
Dr. W. E. B. DuBois
He started the National Association for the Advancement of Colored Peoples. He clashed with Washington because he believed in immediate change
A Century of Dishonor
Written by Helen Hunt Jackson it was a commentary on American Indians and how the U.S. treated them