• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Edwin L. Drake
used a steam engine to drill for oil near Titusville, Pennsylvania, that removing oil from beneath the earth’s surface became practical.
Bessemer process
developed independently by the British manufacturer Henry Bessemer and American ironmaker William Kelly around 1850, soon became widely used.
Thomas Edison
became a pioneer on the new industrial frontier when he established the world’s first research laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersey. (the light bulb)
Christopher Sholes
invented the typewriter in 1867 and changed the world of work.
Alexander Graham Bell
invented the most dramatic invention, the telephone.
Transcontinental road
a railroad line linking the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the United States, completed in 1869.
George M. Pullman
built a factory for manufacturing sleepers and other railroad cars on the Illinois prairie.
Credit Mobilier
a construction company formed in 1864 by owners of the Union Pacific Railroad, who used it to fraudulently skim off railroad profits for themselves.
Munn v. Illinois
in this case, the Supreme Court upheld the Granger laws by a vote of seven to two.
Interstate Commerce Act
established the right of the federal government to supervise railroad activities and established a five-member Interstate Commerce Commission for that purpose.
Andrew Carnegie
was one of the first industrial moguls to make his own fortune. His rise from rags to riches, along with his passion for supporting charities, made him a model of the American success story.
Vertical integration
a process in which Carnegie bought out his suppliers – coal fields and iron mines, ore freighters, and railroad lines – in order to control the raw materials and transportation systems.
Horizontal integration
companies that produce products merge.
Social Darwinism
grew out of the English naturalist Charles Darwin’s theory of biological evolution.
John D. Rockefeller
established the Standard Oil Company and took a different approach to merges: they joined with competing companies in trust agreements.
Sherman Antitrust Act
made it illegal to form a trust that interfered with free trade between states or with other countries.
Samuel Gompers
led the Cigar Makers’ International Union to join with other craft unions in 1886.
American Federation of Labor (AFL)
focused on collective bargaining, or negotiation between representatives of labor and management, to reach written agreements on wages, hours, and working conditions.
Eugene V. Debs
attempted to form such an industrial union – the American Railway Union (ARU).
Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)
a labor organization for unskilled workers, formed by a group of radical unionists and socialists in 1905.
Mary Harris Jones
the most prominent organizer in the women’s labor movement. She supported the Great Strike of 1877 and later organized for the United Mine Workers of America (UMW). She endured death threats and jail with the coal miners, who gave her the nickname mother Jones.