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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Jericho Skull,
c. 7,000 BCE
1. like ashes on a mantle
2. Skulls are an ancient traditional form of art
3. religious importance; healing, keeps family safe
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec,
La Goulue at the Moulin Rouge,
1. The audience is reduced to silhouettes in order to focus attention on the performers and evoke the Japanese art then in vogue.
2. Depicts the cancan dancer La Goulue, advertising Moulin Rouge
3. The triple repetition of the club's name draws the focus down to the central figure of the poster, La Goulue herself.
Edo, Court of Benin,
Plaque: Warrior and Attendants,
16th–17th century
1. African king in the middle has hierarchical proportions
2. the Warriors shear, helmet, and shield dominate the composition
3. armor and weapons were protection for not only the body but the spirit as well
Yoko Ono,
Cut Piece performance,
1. the traditional male sexual prerogative over the female body
2. the display of the body for consuming gaze
3. violation and control
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres,
Napoleon Enthroned,
1. On his head is a golden laurel wreath, similar to one wore by Caesar, and uses this to relate his power to Caesar.
2. Wear costume to show power and authority
3. Red similar to the color of blood, which Napoleon was known for shedding from his enemies
Prehistoric Art,
Lascaux Cave
Hall of Running Bulls,
c. 15,000-13,000 BCE
1. naturally occurring materials, such as tar and charcoal for black, yellow for earth, and rust for red
2. ritual purpose linked to nature and the human food supply
3. painting done by memory, but still looked naturalistic
Cliff Palace at Mesa Verde,
1. Constructed primarily out of sandstone, mortar and wooden beams.
2. Located in a cliff for defensive purposes
3. Easy defended due to long highway up to the dwelling
Jan van Eyke,
Arnolfini Portrait,
1. the couple removed their shoes, showing they were on holy ground
2. oil painting certifies wedding
3. joining in marriage in the bedroom instead of church, joining in marriage where it will be consummated
Mask for the Sande Society,
First half of the 20th century
1. worn at initiation ceremonies celebrating a successful transition into womanhood.
2. The masked dancer whose polished black anthropomorphic helmet mask and black raphia-covered body the spirit invests with its presence and power.
3. the mask's eyes should be slightly oversized (indicating knowledge and wisdom), while the mask's nose and mouth should be slightly smaller than human-sized for a discussion of Mende feminine beauty
Votive Figures,
c.2900-2600 BCE
1. Votive figures were made as an act of worship to the gods and placed in a shrine before the image of the god.
2. Wide open eyes represent better contact with the god.
3. Large head and shoulders are an elaboration of where they believed the soul resides.
Ancient, Egypt,
Sarcophagus of Tutankhamon,
c. 1327 BCE
1.  The wings of the god Horus protectively encircle the coffin, and Tutankhamen holds insignia of his rank.
2. Coffin shares the likeness of Tutankhamon, including his eye makeup and false beard (a symbol for power)
3. Tomb was filled with fune...
1. The wings of the god Horus protectively encircle the coffin, and Tutankhamen holds insignia of his rank.
2. Coffin shares the likeness of Tutankhamon, including his eye makeup and false beard (a symbol for power)
3. Tomb was filled with funerary treasure much like most powerful pharaohs
Hagia Sophia,
1. Decorative marble columns were taken from ancient buildings and reused to support the interior arcades
2. Served as the Cathedral for the city
3. The interior was paneled with costly colored marbles and ornamental stone inlays.
Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja),
1. primary avatar in Hindu religion
2. stands in perfect balance
3. multiple arms tell his power, and divine wisdom is shown by the third eye in the middle
Great Stupa at Sanchi,
Founded 3rd century BCE
1. A sign of Sakaymuni's death and attainment of Nirvana
2. Sakakaymuni only shown by images , as well as other nature deities
3. the square enclosure on the top of the dome symbolizes the heavens
Marble Female Figure,
c. 2600-2400 BCE
1. a reclining figure
2. slender and delicate, emphasize that mean you
3. found in burials
Ancient Egypt,
Palette of Narmer,
c. 3100 BCE
1. used for mixing black eye makeup worn by ancient Egyptian men and women
2. depicts the unification of upper and lower classes
3. commemorates the glory of it's victorious Pharaoh
Lamassu from gateway,
c. 720 BCE
1. palace Art, used to terrify and intimidate all who entered
2. five legs to show movement instability at the same time
3. horned crown symbolizes the Kings divine power
Ai Weiwei,
1. Made after Ai Weiwei's 81 day incarceration
2. Are meant to provoke viewers into thinking about the contradictions of contemporary China.
Dogon of Mali,
Kanaga Masked Dancers,
20th Century
1. These masks are characterized by a wooden superstructure in the form of a double-barred cross with short vertical elements projecting from the tips of each horizontal bar.
2. When the mask is worn, the back of the dancer's head is covered with a hood of plaited fiber fringe at the bottom edge
3.Masks may be used at funeral ceremonies to honor and commemorate the dead as they enter the ancestral realm.
Honore Daumier,
Rue Transnonian, April 15,1834,
1. French political caricature
2. Black and white to give sense of tragedy
3. Painting setting in bedroom to convey that even the a safe place like a bedroom was hit by the massacres
Palace and Ball court at Palenque,
1. features 4 courta, each surrounded with rooms and galleries, likely to be used for administrative purposes
2. interior decorated by parallel rows of corbel vaults and arches
3. tower use for both astronomical and defensive purposes
Frida Kahlo,
Self-portrait (with monkey and cat),
1. Kahlo's face is the central, studying us as we study her
2. hair braided in traditional Mexican style, to show her identification with peasant culture
3. the monkey it represents her alter ego
Andrea Mantegna,
Dead Christ,
c. 1480
1. Perspective of feet changed to give more attention to Jesus
2. The sharply drawn drapery over the corpse gives the artwork a more dramatic tone.
3. The realism and tragedy of the scene are enhanced by the violent perspective
Dorothea Lange,
Migrant Mother,
1. documentary photograph
2. displays class of living at migrant camps
3. black-and-white to express poor conditions of living
Robert Smithson,
Spiral Jetty,
1. Earthworks, are large scale environmental pieces
2. takes art outside the gallery and into nature
3. required heavy earth moving equipment, engineering skills, and many workers