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19 Cards in this Set

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Music without extra- Musical or Programmatic associations
Absolute Music
a Term describing music that draws on the characteristic scale degrees of moth major and minor modes on the same tonic
Bi-modal
The 2nd part of a 19th cent. double aria, with a faster tempo and requiring grerater virtuosity from the singer
Cabaletta
The 1st past of a 19th cent. double aria, normally shorter and simpler thatn the 2nd
Cavatina
Simultaneous use of conflicting rhythmic patterns or accents
cross-rhythm
Unifying the movements of a large-scale composition by recurrent use of the same theme a characteristic Romantic device
Cyclic principle
a machanism in the piano that holds the hammer ata cetain height after it has struck the key, while the key returns to position
Double-escapememnt
differs from the fully diminished 7th chord in that its 7th is minor
half-diminished seventh-chord
a theme or motive that represents a character, emotion, idea, or even object, usually short and symbolic
leitmotif
name for a mumber of polish dances in triple meter with tempi ranging from slow to fast
mazurka
term employed in reference to the rise of East-European mational music in 19th-20th cent. Use of folklike music rhythms and melodies
Nationalism
a Lyrical piece for piano, Chopin best known
Nocturne
an arrangement whereby the bass strings of the piano cross the other strings
overstringing
Style of delivering recitative rapidly with the approx. of speech, features many repeated pitches
Parlando
A festive Polish dance in moderate triple meter, Chopin
Polonaise
flexible treatment of tempo in which either the melody is allowed freedom over a steady accompaniment, or the entire texture moves faster or slower at the player's descretion
rubato
considerable variation of a recurring theme, especially of its mood and character, practiced by the prommatic composers of Romantic Period
Thematic transformation
when the root of adjacent chords a re a third a part
third relationship
realism, a movement in late 19th and early 20th cent. opera, cooresponding to a contemporaneous trend towards literary realism
Verismo