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7 Cards in this Set

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Political Process Theory
American model that developed out of a critique of idea that collective behaviour is irrational, protesters are alienated from larger society. Rather, social movements are a means to achieve political ends & resolve legitimate grievances.
Political ProcessTheory - Organizational Strength
The more organized a group is, the more likely its members are to form a social movement and the more likely the movement will succeed.
Political Process Theory - Cognitive Liberation
Themore members think their chances of success are good, the more likely they areto make their movement succeed
Rise and decline of Civil Rights Movement was a direct result of 3 factors
1. (Indigenous) organizational strength

2. Cognitive liberation


3. Political opportunities

Political Process Theory - Political opportunities
Result from “any event or broad social process that serves to undermine the calculations and assumptions on which the political establishment is structured.” (p.41) ex. Wars, industrialization, international political realignments, long term unemployment, widespread demographic changes
New Social Movements Theory
Focusing on new social movements emerging ‘post-industrial’ or ‘advanced capitalist’ thought to differ in structure, type of constituents, and ideology from older movements. Ex: Peace movement, environmental movement, LGBTQ movement, feminist movement etc.
Seven Focuses of New Social Movements Theory
1. Focus on social and cultural issues instead of the economic issues.

2. Focus quality of life (environment, peace) and self-determination (contemporary women’s rights, gay rights).


3. Membership largely composed of educated middle-class individuals who see themselves as having multiple identities (in terms of class, race, gender, sexual orientation).


4. Distrust for authorities, the government, the business community or the scientific community.Do not want to over throw the govt, seek to promote their own experts or create their own independent research institutes as SMOs.


5. Focus on multiple issues seen as interdependent. Ex: ecofeminist movement associates environmental issues with patriarchy.


6. Both a global and local orientation.


7. Efficient use of new communication technologies to establish global connections and networks.