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3 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Crime is behaviour that breaks the formal written laws of society.



Criminal acts include:


  • Speeding
  • Possession of a firearm by a felon
  • Driving without a license


Criminal & deviant acts include:


  • Murder
  • Peadophiles
  • Looting
  • Canabolism

Deviance is behaviour that does not conform to the norms of society. This is a social construction.



Deviant acts include:


  • Being rude
  • Swearing in class
  • Not feeding your hamster


Not deviant or a crime:


  • Drinking at 17
  • Not drinking at 17

The Classical Theory of Crime:



  • Sociologists dislike this idea
  • Developed in the C18th
  • Based on utilitarian philosophy

- This holds the view that the ethnically correct thing to do is whether it benefits the most people


  • TCTC assumes that people have free will and act rationally
  • Therefore anyone that commits a crime chooses to do so
  • The law & punishment are necessary to deter people from committing crime

Biological Explanations of Crime:



  • Biologists say abnormalities in the body, and particularly the mind can lead to crime.
  • Biological explanations are concerned with how peoples behaviour can be influenced by their biology.

Psychological Explanations of Crime:



  • Some see criminal behaviour as aberrant: problem with the individual.
  • Criminals are people who think in a way that leads them to commit a crime.

Sociological Explanations of Crime:



  • Some are interested in how what is criminal and deviant depends on social factors beyond the control of an individual.
  • Others are interested in whether social factors can lead an individual to commit a criminal or deviant act.