Social Movements: The Temperance Movement

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Social movements can be identified as protest rallies, they are large, can be informal, groupings of people or organizations which focus on specific political or social issues. In other words, they carry out, resist, or undo a social change. Social movements can also be related to special interest groups, which can be a group of people or organization seeking or receiving special advantages. An analysis of previous social movements in the last three centuries, how a social movement functions , and how they have their political opportunities.
One of the biggest social movements in the 1800s was the Temperance Movement. The Temperance movement had begun on 1851 and ended 1933. The Temperance Movement had not been in just one state but was happening
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The Labor Movement in the United States grew out of the need to protect workers and the future generation. For those in the industrial sector, organized labor unions fought for better wages, reasonable hours, and safer working conditions. Men, women, and children were all working in dangerous, long hours, and were paid poorly. So, the mission of the Labor Movement was to get fair workplace practices and protections of the employees. Children were working in mines because of their small bodies that would be filled with toxic minerals that would eventually kill the workers but the workers were expendable. Not just that kind of work environment, people were losing their lives and body parts until they were no longer able to work. This social movement was a success because in the future there are now restrictions on the age of working, how many hours, and the working conditions. For those in the industrial sector, organized labor unions fought for better wages, reasonable hours, and safer working conditions. The Labor Movement led efforts to stop child labor, to give health benefits and give aid to workers who were retired or injured on and off the work site. Another outcome of this social movement allowed a well-known organization to be formed, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). OSHA ensures the protection of the employee’s safety in …show more content…
A more modern social movement that has happened, is known as “Occupy Wall Street”. What had caused this social movement involving wall street itself? Americans wanted Wall Street financial district, receive attention, and generate the occupy movement against social and economic inequality worldwide. The mission of this social movement was that many of the followers believe that “Occupy Wall Street is fighting back against the corrosive power of major banks and multinational corporations over the democratic process, and the role of Wall Street in creating an economic collapse that has caused the greatest recession in generations.” (OWS, 99 percent,2011) The movement has inspired by popular uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia and aims to fight back against the richest 1% of people that are writing the rules of an unfair global economy that is foreclosing on our future. The Occupy movement was particularly focused on protesting wide income differences in the U.S., using “We are the 99%” as a rallying slogan and drawing attention to the absorption of wealth and political power of the people who are in 1% income bracket. Lower class citizens would be the 99%. A lasting effect from this social movement was starting the fight for a $15 minimum wage, which has been slowly progressing

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