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11 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

D-04 Imitation

-a bx controlled by any physical movement that serves as a novel model excluding vocal-verbal bx, has formal similarity with the model, and immediately follows the occurrence of the model

D-04 Modeling

-antecedent stimulus that evokes the imitative behavior

D-14 Use Listener Training

-listener: someone who provides reinforcement for verbal bx

-reinforcing the bx of speakers

F-03 Use Direct Instruction

-a teaching method emphasizing the use of specified teacher directions, programmed instruction and presentation of materials, examples, and prompts, the use of reinforcement and mastery learning principles, regular and direct assessment, and teaching prerequisite skills

-uses scripted lessons with examples and non-examples

F-04 Precision Teaching

-methodology of teaching which involves measuring performance of a learner and making changes based on these data

-the essence is fluency building (look at speed and accuracy)

-follows four principles: focus on observable behavior, the use of frequency as data metric, graphing student performance data on a Standard Celeration Chart, and making decisions based on performance data

F-04 Four Steps of Precision Teaching

1. Pinpoint

2. Record

3. Change

4. Try Again

F-05 Use Personalized Systems of Instruction

-use self-paced modules with study guides to help direct student's learning

-proctors are used to help students with the material and lectures are no as common compared to traditional teaching formats

-focus on self-paced learning by the student rather than the teacher direction

-specific criteria on mastery tests are required before moving on to the next module

F-05 Features of PSI

1. go-at-your-own-pace component

2. unit-perfection requirement for advancement

3. use of lectures and demonstrations sparingly by not for critical information

4. promotion of written word in teacher-student communication

5. the use of proctors for repeated testing, immediate scoring, answering questions, and personal-social part of the educational process

F-06 Use Incidental Teaching

-the instructor assesses the child's ongoing interests, follows the child's lead, restricts access to high interest items, and constructs a lesson within the natural context, with a presumably more motivated child

-requires an instructor to use moments in the natural environment as teaching opportunities

F-07 Functional Communication Training (FCT)

-an application of differential reinforcement of alternative behaviors because the intervention develops an alternative communicative response as an antecedent to diminish the problem behavior

J-10 When a bx is to be decreased, select an acceptable alternative bx to established or increased

-differential reinforcement of an alternative behavior

-reinforcement is delivered for a bx that serves as desirable alternative to the bx targeted for reduction and withheld following instances of the problem bx

-look for a bx that would serve the same function or would meet the same reinforcers for the problem bx