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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Jan 1905

Bloody Sunday: demonstration for better wages and working conditions, police killed 1000 people, triggered 1905 revolution


Growth in strikes, brought cities near to starvation, economy nearly collapsed

Peasant unrest

Discontent spread to agricultural regions

Nationalist groups

Multiplied and demanded assemblies and independence

Army and navy


Majority remained loyal

The soviet

Trade unions

Acted as a dress rehearsal for 1917

Little influence

Consequences of the 'revolution'

Introduction of dumas

1st duma April 1906- July 1906

2nd duma Feb 1907- June 1907

3rd duma 1907-1912

4th duma 1912-1917

1st duma

Laws passed with tsar's approval

Couldn't appoint ministers

Couldn't control military

Dissolved at tsar's will

Composed of radicals (kadets)

2nd duma

Proposals for land and tax reform

Workers insurance reforms

Compulsory primary education

Gov uneased about duma

More divided than 1st

More radical

3rd duma

Octobrists largest party

Restricted vote in favour of rich classes

Stolypin altered electoral procedures to produce compliant duma

supported improvement in Russia's military capabilities

Supported more aggressive wars

4th duma

Elected of restricted vote

Parliament becoming more conservative

Parts of duma concerned about Rasputin (Member of extreme religious sect, high influence due to 'miraculous powers')Marked by stagnation and dissatisfaction

)Marked by stagnation and dissatisfaction

Marked by stagnation and dissatisfaction

What did the October manifesto 1905 introduce?

Duma/parliament and civil liberties (e.g freedom of speech)

How did the October manifesto affect opposition?

It divided it (liberals divided to kadets and Octobrists)

What other concession did the tsar introduce in October?

Abolished redemption payments

Use of repression in the 1905 revolution

Suppression of mutinies (non Russian troops suppressed Russian troops)

Army used to put down strikes

Stolypin repression: army and police used to create stability through field courts and summary trials

Weaknesses of opposition in the 1905 revolution

Protests lacked coordination and a clear purpose due to lack of strong leadership

Poorly equipped uprisings defeated swiftly

Illegal and radical steps (e.g creation of the newspaper 'liberation') alienated sympathetic opposition

Spontaneous uprisings, ill prepared